Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovary disorder (PCOD) is a common female endocrine disorder which is considered to be genetic in nature. Around 5 to 10 percent of women in the reproductive age are estimated to be suffering from PCOS. It is one of the most common endocrine problems and a leading cause of sub-fertility in females.

The symptoms of this disorder include amenorrhea, anovulation, irregular menstrual cycle, infertility linked


Endometriosis is a painful gynecological disorder which is characterized by growth of the lining of the uterus outside instead of inside. Around 6 – 10 percent of all women are affected by this disorder. It can involve the ovaries, tissues around the pelvis or the bowel. In rare cases, it may spread beyond the pelvic region.

In endometriosis, the displaced tissue would thicken, break down and bleed with each menstruation cycle.


Melasma refers to the skin discoloration or tanning, often seen in the case of pregnant women though it can affect anyone. Pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives often complain of melasma. It is a non-threatening skin condition and the discoloration may go away on its own after stopping usage of oral contraceptives or after giving birth to a baby.

Experts feel that melasma gets triggered by female sex

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous growths on the walls of the uterus that occur during childbearing age. Also known by the names myomas, leiomyomas or fibromyomas, these generally do not develop into cancer. It is estimated that 75 percent of women have uterine fibroids but do not know about them as these do not cause any discomfort in most cases.

The cause of uterine fibroids is not known at the moment. However,


Fibroadenoma is a lump composed of glandular or fibrous tissue with clearly defined edge in the breast. Fibroadenoma is also termed as breast mice or breast mouse for the fact that it is highly mobile in the breast and would often run away if an attempt is made to touch it. Though it is non-cancerous, a doctor may still recommend biopsy on spotting it.

There can be multiple fibroadenomas in the

Menopausal Syndrome

Menopausal Syndrome or menopause refers to the cessation of menstruation in a woman. It signifies the end of fertile phase in a woman’s life when the ovaries simply stop functioning. The age of onset of menopause differs in all women, while the average age of onset of menopause is 51 years . In some women it can occur as early as in 30s or in late 60s in case of

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) refers to the heavy bleeding in the vagina, which is caused by hormonal changes in the body. Excessive loss of blood during dysfunctional uterine bleeding can result in interference in the emotional wellbeing, physical health and social and material life of the woman. It happens to set in when eggs are not released by the ovaries.

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is characterized by excessive bleeding or spotting from


Dysmenorrhoea or dysmenorrhea refers to the painful cramps that tend to occur during or before monthly periods. It can be mild or severe and tends to interfere in the normal daily activities. Dysmenorrhoea has two types – primary dysmenorrhoea and secondary dysmenorrhoea.

Common menstrual cramps are referred to as primary dysmenorrhoea. These cramps start within one or two years of beginning of menstrual periods. These pains happen to become less intense

Hair Loss

Appearance of bald patches on the scalp or thinning of hair is referred to as hair loss. There are several reasons that may cause hair loss, including genetics, stress, illness, diet, compulsive pulling of hair, tight braids or ponytails, and use of hot hair irons can result in hair loss. In certain cases, iron deficiency may result in loss of hair. Some women may experience hair fall after giving birth.



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