Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovary disorder (PCOD) is a common female endocrine disorder which is considered to be genetic in nature. Around 5 to 10 percent of women in the reproductive age are estimated to be suffering from PCOS. It is one of the most common endocrine problems and a leading cause of sub-fertility in females.

The symptoms of this disorder include amenorrhea, anovulation, irregular menstrual cycle, infertility linked with ovulation, acne and hirsutism caused by excessive androgenic hormones levels; and insulin resistance that often leads to high cholesterol levels, obesity, and Type-2 diabetes. The symptoms may vary in the affected women.

PCOS or PCOD has a complex nature and the exact cause behind it is unknown. Evidence suggests that genetic reasons might be behind the disorder. Pelvic ultrasound is an effective diagnostic tool to establish PCOD.