Psoriasis is a skin related, immune-mediated disease (one that is caused by abnormal functioning of the immune system of the body), which results in silvery-white appearance. There are certain treatment methods to suppress the symptoms. Though this disease is not contagious, it leads to other health scares such as stroke.

Psoriasis is known to set in when the immune system of the body mistakes healthy cells for pathogens and starts sending


Vitiligo is a skin condition that is characterized by loss in its pigmentation. The condition is attributed to the death of melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation. The exact reason behind vitiligo is unknown, but autoimmunity, oxidative stress and genetic, viral or neural causes are suspected as the likely culprits behind the condition.

Less than one percent of world population is known to be affected by vitiligo. Though this rare


Acne is a pretty common skin disease that results in scaly red skin, whiteheads and blackheads, pimples, and pinheads, often accompanied with scarring. The face, upper chest and the back are the most commonly affected areas with acne. In most of the cases, acne sets in during adolescence and may even carry on into adulthood.

Increase in testosterone levels in the body during adolescence is the major culprit behind acne. Acne

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata or spot baldness is the loss of hair from some or all body parts, especially from the scalp. In rare cases, it spreads to the entire epidermis (skin) or to the entire scalp. Around 20 percent of patients have a family history of this condition. Autoimmune condition is the most likely culprit behind alopecia areata.

Men, women as well as children are known to get affected by Alopecia Areata.


Rough skin growth on the feet and hands resembling blisters is referred to as warts. Viral infection, specifically due to various types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main culprit behind warts. There are ten different types of warts and the most common one is harmless. These can last for several years altogether or may disappear within few months.

Most prevalent types of warts include Common Wart, Flat Wart, Genital Wart,


Freckles are clusters of tanned circular spots on the skin. These are more prominent on the skin of fair people and tend to develop on the skin in a random manner. These can get aggravated owing to exposure to sun. Freckles set in when there is concentration of melanin under the skin and are of the size of head of nails.

The color and distribution of freckles is mostly uniform, and

Hyper Pigmentation

Hyper pigmentation refers to appearance of dark spots on the skin when there is excess production of melanin. It usually leads to black or brown patches and an uneven skin tone. It might be caused by overexposure to sun, inflammation or due to skin injuries. Hyper pigmentation can either be focal or diffuse and face and back of hands are most commonly affected by it.

The most common type of hyper


Dermatitis, meaning skin inflammation, refers to a range of skin ailments that result in dry, red and itchy skin. In some of the cases blisters or crusty scales may set in, which may ooze fluid. Several types of allergens, health conditions and genetics may cause skin rashes. The dermatitis symptoms tend to vary with the different types of the disease.

There are three major types of dermatitis:

Contact Dermatitis: Skin inflammation that

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis is a form of eczema which is highly itching, can relapse, but is not contagious. The patients of atopic dermatitis report abnormal reaction of skin to environmental allergens, irritants and even food items. It can lead to skin redness, scratching and flakiness.

Skin of patients of atopic dermatitis becomes susceptible to bacterial infection. Skin that touches the joint bends such as that on the interior of knees and elbows


Melasma refers to the skin discoloration or tanning, often seen in the case of pregnant women though it can affect anyone. Pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives often complain of melasma. It is a non-threatening skin condition and the discoloration may go away on its own after stopping usage of oral contraceptives or after giving birth to a baby.

Experts feel that melasma gets triggered by female sex