Overview

Bedwetting

Bedwetting haunts millions of families around the globe. Young kids as well as some teens face a harrowing time while struggling with the issue. The most reported childhood urological complaint, bedwetting is also a common pediatric health concern among parents. However, bedwetting is just a developmental delay, not a physical illness or emotional problem as perceived by many.

Bedwetting can be stressful and emotionally draining. Children may start feeling anxious about sleeping over a friend’s place or at a camp. Yelling or punishing them would not help. Instead, one can consider using bedwetting alarms or helping them out. Training kids to go to the washroom just before sleeping would help a great deal. Most kids overcome bedwetting by the age of six or seven. While girls would start staying dry by six years of age, boys reach that stage by when they reach seven years. Adult bedwetting rates are pegged at between 0.5 to 2.3 percent by experts.

Overview

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis refers to the allergic inflammation of the nasal airways and is triggered by allergens such as animal dander, pollen or dust. Individuals having sensitive immune system are highly susceptible to allergic rhinitis. When plant pollen is the culprit behind triggering of allergy bout, it is called pollinosis and when caused by grass pollen, it is termed as hay fever.

Allergies are pretty common everywhere and a large portion of the general population is hounded by one form or another. It is estimated that one third of the populace is allergic to something or the other and around three-fourths have developed allergic reaction to something at least once in their entire lifetime.

Allergic rhinitis can be perennial or seasonal. While perennial allergic rhinitis can get triggered at any time of the year, seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs during specific seasons.

Symptoms

  • 1. Sneezing and Excess Nasal Secretion
  • 2. Nasal Congestion
  • 3. Irritation in nose, eyes, throat
  • 4. Swelling in eyelids
  • 5. Conjunctival Swelling
  • 6. Middle Ear Effusion
  • 7. Mild fever
  • 8. Bodyaches

Diagnose Yourself

Irritation of nose, ears, eyes and throat
Mild fever
Bodyache

Swelling in eyelids
Sneezing
Excess Nasal Secretion

Nasal Congestion
Conjuctival Swelling

Overview

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis refers to the inflammation of the tonsils caused by bacterial or viral infection. When caused by group A streptococcus bacterium, it is called Strep Throat. In most cases, the victims recover without any medication.

Viral infection is the most likely cause of tonsillitis with viruses like adenovirus, rhinovirus, coronavirus, Herpes Simplex Virus, HIV, or cytomegalovirus the major culprits. Anaerobic bacteria too are infamous for resulting in tonsillitis, a number of scientific and clinical observations have reported.

Normally, the bacteria or virus enter the human body via mouth and nose and get filtered in the tonsils. The white blood cells present there fight with the bacteria and viruses by producing cytokines such as Phospholipase A2, whose production leads to fever. Inflammation of the pharynx may set in if infection is present in the throat. chronic and recurrent tonsillitis in children can lead to poor physical and mental development.

Symptoms

  • 1. Sore throat
  • 2. Pain while swallowing
  • 3. High temperature
  • 4. Swelling and redness in tonsils
  • 5. Coughing, headache, tiredness and chills
  • 6. Pain in the neck and/or ears
  • 7. Nausea, vomiting, stomach ache and bad breaths

Diagnose Yourself

Sore throat
Pain while swallowing
High temperature

Swelling and redness in tonsils
Coughing, headache, tiredness and chills
Pain in the neck and/or ears

Nausea, vomiting, stomach ache and bad breaths

Overview

Chronic Bronchitis

The chronic inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs is termed as chronic bronchitis. It results in persistent cough accompanied by mucus and sputum (phlegm) for a period of three months for consecutive two years. Shortness of breath and wheezing are also reported in patients of the diseases.

The major cause of chronic bronchitis is tobacco smoking, which incidentally is the culprit behind a host of other diseases. Long term fume inhalation and pneumoconiosis are the other two major reasons of chronic bronchitis. Presence of dry cough, wheezing, breathing sounds and prolonged exhalation is accepted as evidence of the disease.

Symptoms

  • 1. Cough with sputum and phlegm
  • 2. Chest pains
  • 3. Fever
  • 4. Fatigue or malaise
  • 5. breathlessness after cough

Diagnose Yourself

Cough with sputum and phlegm
Chest pains
Fever

Fatigue or malaise
Breathlessness after cough

Overview

Asthma

Asthma, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways, results in breathing problems that can make the lives of the patients terrible. A combination of environmental as well as genetic factors is understood to cause this problem. A spurt in asthma attacks overall has been witnessed in the past few years, which is being attributed to the changing environment and heritable factors.

The development and exacerbation of asthma is associated with certain environmental factors such as air pollution, allergens and chemicals present in the air. Traffic pollution and increased ozone levels in the air contribute to the development of the disease and worsening of its symptoms. Children of women who smoke during pregnancy are known to develop this disease.

Asthma patients complain of shortness of breath, chest tightening, coughing, and wheezing . These symptoms tend to worsen at night or during early morning.

Symptoms

  • 1. Wheezing
  • 2. Chest tightening
  • 3. Coughing
  • 4. Shortness of breath
  • 5. Fever
  • 6. Cyanosis – blue or purple coloring of skin due to tissues being low on oxygen
  • 7. Vesicular breath sound
  • 8. Feeling grouchy, tired or moody
  • 9. Trouble in falling asleep and having sound sleep
  • 10. Running nose, sneezing, sore throat, headache and cough

Diagnose Yourself

Fever
Cyanosis – blue or purple coloring of skin due to tissues being low on oxygen
Vesicular breath sound

Feeling grouchy, tired or moody
Trouble in falling asleep and having sound sleep
Running nose, sneezing, sore throat, headache and cough

Chest tightening
Wheezing
Coughing

Shortness of breath

Overview

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a mental disorder which is characterized by impulsiveness, hyperactivity or a combination of the both. The prevalence of this disorder is pretty common among school going children and an estimated 3-5 percent of all children globally are affected by ADHD. The symptoms of the disorder emerge by the age of seven years.

The patients of ADHD act impulsively, are restless and have difficulty in focusing on anything, which impairs their learning ability. Quite significantly, the symptoms of ADHD are quite likely to be confused with those of other disorders, so the likelihood of misdiagnosis is pretty large. The disorder is more common among boys rather than girls. It is estimated that 3-5 percent adults live with this disorder.

Management of ADHD is possible with a combination of behavior therapy, counseling, lifestyle changes and medication.

Symptoms

  • 1. Difficulty in focusing on one task
  • 2. Forget things, miss details, and get distracted easily
  • 3. Keep switching from one activity to another
  • 4. Get confused easily and indulge in daydreaming
  • 5. Non stop talking
  • 6. Impatience
  • 7. Trouble in following instructions
  • 8. Remain in motion constantly
  • 9. Act without showing regard for the consequences
  • 10. Struggle to sit patiently

Diagnose Yourself

Difficulty in focusing on one task
Forget things, miss details, and get distracted easily
. Keep switching from one activity to another

Get confused easily and indulge in daydreaming
Get confused easily and indulge in daydreaming
Non stop talking

Impatience
Trouble in following instructions-
Remain in motion constantly

Act without showing regard for the consequences
Struggle to sit patiently

Overview

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis is a form of eczema which is highly itching, can relapse, but is not contagious. The patients of atopic dermatitis report abnormal reaction of skin to environmental allergens, irritants and even food items. It can lead to skin redness, scratching and flakiness.

Skin of patients of atopic dermatitis becomes susceptible to bacterial infection. Skin that touches the joint bends such as that on the interior of knees and elbows is most likely to get affected by the disorder. This disorder may accompany other diseases such as asthma, allergic conjunctivitis and hay fever.

The causes of the disease are not entirely well known and there is no specific cure for it. However, one can opt for drug therapy to prevent it from triggering. In most cases, Atopic Dermatitis kicks in childhood and may persist through adulthood. It is estimated that around three-fourth of all cases improve by the time a child reaches adolescence.

Symptoms

  • 1. Redness of skin
  • 2. Swelling
  • 3. Loss of eyebrow hair and eyelashes
  • 4. Red, scaly and crusty cheeks
  • 5. Dry, thick and scaly skin
  • 6. Persistent itching
  • 7. Dull looking lesions on face, hands, neck, and feet
  • 8. Sensitive skin that tends to crack

Diagnose Yourself

Redness of skin
Swelling
Loss of eyebrow hair and eyelashes

Red, scaly and crusty cheeks
Dry, thick and scaly skin
Persistent itching

Dull looking lesions on face, hands, neck, and feet
Sensitive skin that tends to crack

Overview

Epilepsy

Epilepsy refers to a group of diverse chronic neurological disorders that are characterized by seizures. Epilepsy might be caused by alcohol addiction, brain cancer, substance abuse, stroke and trauma. Seizures tend to set in due to abnormal neuronal activities in the brain.

As many as 50 million people around the world are affected by epilepsy. Its occurrence becomes more common with increase in age. It is estimated that 80 percent of all the epilepsy cases are found in developing countries. While it is possible to control epilepsy with medication, it might not be completely stopped. In certain cases surgery may be recommended.

Epilepsy patients may experience generalized seizures, partial or focal seizures or absence seizures, depending on whether the whole brain or a part of it is involved. The treatment of epilepsy involves medication and/or surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. The person experience a seizure may make a peculiar sound or cry out.
  • 2. The person may stop breathing and start turning blue
  • 3. He or she may take some time to return to senses and remain confused for some time
  • 4. The eyes of the patient may remain open and he or she may pass urine in the process
  • 5. In case of partial seizure, the patient may show partial movement of limbs as only a portion of brain is involved
  • 6. Partial seizures may make the patient confused or dazed and the feeling may remain for a long time
  • 7. Absence seizures may cause impairment of consciousness
  • 8. Small movements like repetitive blinking

Diagnose Yourself

The person experience a seizure may make a peculiar sound or cry ou
The person may stop breathing and start turning blue
He or she may take some time to return to senses and remain confused for some time

The eyes of the patient may remain open and he or she may pass urine in the process
In case of partial seizure, the patient may show partial movement of limbs as only a portion of brain is involved
Partial seizures may make the patient confused or dazed and the feeling may remain for a long time

Absence seizures may cause impairment of consciousness
Small movements like repetitive blinking

Overview

Adenoids

Adenoids are bunches of spongy tissue located at the back of the nasal cavity, just above the roof of the mouth. Their primary function is to prevent kids from falling sick, but when they get enlarged they can get really messy and disrupt normal breathing.

The functioning of adenoids is somewhat similar to that of tonsils. These help in filtering out harmful bacteria and viruses. The adenoids house cells that contain antibodies which help the body in fighting infections. While these are important for kids to remain healthy, their role tends to start diminishing once the kids get older.

If a child complains about difficulty in breathing, breathes noisily, snores or stops breathing for few seconds every now and then, get him or her checked for enlarged adenoids. The doctor may observe the condition of the child via X-ray and suggest further treatment, including surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. Difficulty in breathing via nose
  • 2. Breathing via mouth
  • 3. Talking in a way that suggests the child is breathing through nose
  • 4. Making noise while breathing
  • 5. Snoring
  • 6. Sleep apnea or stopping breathing for few seconds while sleeping

Diagnose Yourself

Difficulty in breathing via nose
Breathing via mouth
Talking in a way that suggests the child is breathing through nose

Making noise while breathing
Snoring
Sleep apnea or stopping breathing for few seconds while sleeping

Overview

Behavior Disorders

All sorts of behavior disorders hound people around the globe. Children as well as adults are found to be patients of myriad behavior disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety, panic attacks, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Conduct Disorder (CD). Treatment of these disorders can include medication, education and therapy or a combination of two or all of them.

Some symptoms might be common across all the disorders, so correct diagnosis could be difficult as well as time consuming. It is possible that a child may have multiple disorders at the same time, thereby making things too complex. Some factors that may exacerbate the condition of the patient include substance abuse, family difficulties and emotional problems.

Boys are more prone to such disorders, though the exact reason behind why so happens is unknown. At times, low birth weight, premature birth and difficult pregnancy can be the reason behind such behavior disorders.

Symptoms

    Conduct disorders
  • 1. Repeated truancy, refusal to obey orders
  • 2. Tendency to indulge in alcohol, drugs or cigarettes at a tender age
  • 3. Aggressiveness and sadistic behavior such as bullying and sexual abuse
  • 4. Criminal behavior, keen on starting fights and using weapons
    Attention Deficit Disorder
  • 1. Impulsiveness: Cutting the sentences of others and talking over them
  • 2. Inattention: Difficulty in concentrating, keep shifting between tasks without completing them
  • 3. Difficulty in following instructions
  • 4. Restlessness, overactivity and fidgeting
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • 1. Obsessive thoughts such as fear of causing harm to others as well as self
  • 2. Fear of losing things, causing harm or having violent or sexually explicit thought
  • 3. Repetitive checking of things like appliances, switches and locks
  • 4. Keen on arranging things
  • 5. Religious fear and praying excessively

Diagnose Yourself

Repeated truancy, refusal to obey orders
Tendency to indulge in alcohol, drugs or cigarettes at a tender age
Aggressiveness and sadistic behavior such as bullying and sexual abuse

Criminal behavior, keen on starting fights and using weapons
Impulsiveness: Cutting the sentences of others and talking over them
Inattention: Difficulty in concentrating, keep shifting between tasks without completing them

Religious fear and praying excessively
Difficulty in following instructions
Restlessness, overactivity and fidgeting

Obsessive thoughts such as fear of causing harm to others as well as self
Fear of losing things, causing harm or having violent or sexually explicit thought
Keen on arranging things

Overview

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovary disorder (PCOD) is a common female endocrine disorder which is considered to be genetic in nature. Around 5 to 10 percent of women in the reproductive age are estimated to be suffering from PCOS. It is one of the most common endocrine problems and a leading cause of sub-fertility in females.

The symptoms of this disorder include amenorrhea, anovulation, irregular menstrual cycle, infertility linked with ovulation, acne and hirsutism caused by excessive androgenic hormones levels; and insulin resistance that often leads to high cholesterol levels, obesity, and Type-2 diabetes. The symptoms may vary in the affected women.

PCOS or PCOD has a complex nature and the exact cause behind it is unknown. Evidence suggests that genetic reasons might be behind the disorder. Pelvic ultrasound is an effective diagnostic tool to establish PCOD.

Symptoms

  • 1. Menstrual abnormality, including long menstrual intervals, skipping menstrual cycles, and prolonged periods
  • 2. Excessive levels of male hormone androgen that result in severe acne and body hair
  • 3. Polycystic ovaries
  • 4. Insulin resistance that can lead to Type-2 diabetes, obesity and high levels of cholesterol in the body
  • 5. Weight gain
  • 6. Hypothyrodism underlying the weight gain
  • 7. Acne on the face, back and chest
  • 8. Male like hair distribution on the chin , chest and axillary area

Diagnose Yourself

Menstrual abnormality, including long menstrual intervals, skipping menstrual cycles, and prolonged periods
Excessive levels of male hormone androgen that result in severe acne and body hair
Polycystic ovaries

Insulin resistance that can lead to Type-2 diabetes, obesity and high levels of cholesterol in the body
Weight gain
Hypothyrodism underlying the weight gain

Male like hair distribution on the chin , chest and axillary area
Acne on the face, back and chest

Overview

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine Fibroids are non-cancerous growths on the walls of the uterus that occur during childbearing age. Also known by the names myomas, leiomyomas or fibromyomas, these generally do not develop into cancer. It is estimated that 75 percent of women have uterine fibroids but do not know about them as these do not cause any discomfort in most cases.

The cause of uterine fibroids is not known at the moment. However, doctors suspect female hormones like progesterone and estrogen might be the culprits. Highest levels of these hormones are produced by the body of a woman when she is having periods, which may result in the condition.

In most of the cases, uterine fibroids do not show any symptoms. However, these may make the life less pleasurable in some of them by inducing pain in the lower back, making them urinate more often, long periods often accompanied by cramps and pain during intercourse.

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain in lower back
  • 2. Experience pain while having sex
  • 3. Profuse bleeding during periods
  • 4. Cramps during menstruation
  • 5. Frequent urination
  • 6. Constipation
  • 7. clotted blood in menstrual flow
  • 8. profuse and prolonged menses

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in lower back
Experience pain while having sex
Profuse bleeding during periods

Cramps during menstruation
Frequent urination
constipation

clots in menstrual flow
profuse and prolonged menses

Overview

Dysmenorrhoea

Dysmenorrhoea or dysmenorrhea refers to the painful cramps that tend to occur during or before monthly periods. It can be mild or severe and tends to interfere in the normal daily activities. Dysmenorrhoea has two types – primary dysmenorrhoea and secondary dysmenorrhoea.

Common menstrual cramps are referred to as primary dysmenorrhoea. These cramps start within one or two years of beginning of menstrual periods. These pains happen to become less intense or stop completely with age or after the woman has had a baby. Secondary dysmenorrhoea refers to the pain which occurs due to a disorder in the reproductive organs of a woman.

The contractions in the uterus cause menstrual cramps. When it happens to contract, it presses the nearby vessels and cuts off the oxygen supply to uterus muscle tissues, thereby resulting in severe pain.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe to mild pain in the abdomen
  • 2. Pain in the lower back, hips and inner thighs
  • 3. Nausea and vomiting
  • 4. Constipation
  • 5. Diarrhea
  • 6. Dizziness
  • 7. Headache
  • 8. Disorientation
  • 9. Fatigue
  • 10. Hypersensitivity to light, smell, sound, and touch

Diagnose Yourself

Severe to mild pain in the abdomen
Pain in the lower back, hips and inner thighs
Nausea and vomiting

Constipation
Diarrhea
Headache

Dizziness
Disorientation
Fatigue

Hypersensitivity to light, smell, sound, and touch

Overview

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB) refers to the heavy bleeding in the vagina, which is caused by hormonal changes in the body. Excessive loss of blood during dysfunctional uterine bleeding can result in interference in the emotional wellbeing, physical health and social and material life of the woman. It happens to set in when eggs are not released by the ovaries.

Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is characterized by excessive bleeding or spotting from the vagina, periods that are apart by less than 28 days or more than 35 days, changing interval between successive periods, and bleeding that lasts for longer than usual or for more than seven days. Other major symptoms of the disorder include excessive hair growth on the body, mood swings, hot flashes and dryness and tenderness in the vagina.

Symptoms

  • 1. Excessive bleeding from the vagina during menstrual cycle
  • 2. Bleeding or spotting outside the menstrual cycle
  • 3. The time period between periods might change after every other month
  • 4. Bleeding lasting for longer than usual
  • 5. Mood swings
  • 6. Hot flushes
  • 7. Growth of body hair in a way it would grow in males
  • 8. Dryness and tenderness in the vagina

Diagnose Yourself

Bleeding or spotting outside the menstrual cycle
Excessive bleeding from the vagina during menstrual cycle
The time period between periods might change after every other month

Bleeding lasting for longer than usual
Mood swings
Hot flushes

Growth of body hair in a way it would grow in males
Dryness and tenderness in the vagina

Overview

Hair Loss

Appearance of bald patches on the scalp or thinning of hair is referred to as hair loss. There are several reasons that may cause hair loss, including genetics, stress, illness, diet, compulsive pulling of hair, tight braids or ponytails, and use of hot hair irons can result in hair loss. In certain cases, iron deficiency may result in loss of hair. Some women may experience hair fall after giving birth.

Hereditary thinning of hair is one of the most common causes of hair loss, affecting both men and women. A receding hair line and appearance of bald patches are common symptoms of the condition. Alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition, is another possible reason in which an individual may lose hair. Certain illnesses, ringworm, and some cancer treatments also result in loss of hair.

Symptoms

  • 1. Loss of hair on scalp and rest of the body
  • 2. Skin lesions
  • 3. Scarring
  • 4. Hair loss in patterns
  • 5. In males hair thinning begins at the crown and temples
  • 6. In females hair loss starts from the frontal lobes

Diagnose Yourself

Loss of hair on scalp and rest of the body
Skin lesions
Scarring

Hair loss in patterns
In males hair thinning begins at the crown and temples
In females hair loss starts from the frontal lobes

Overview

Melasma

Melasma refers to the skin discoloration or tanning, often seen in the case of pregnant women though it can affect anyone. Pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives often complain of melasma. It is a non-threatening skin condition and the discoloration may go away on its own after stopping usage of oral contraceptives or after giving birth to a baby.

Experts feel that melasma gets triggered by female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen that stimulate melanocytes (the cells that produce pigment that gives skin its color) to produce more melanin pigment. Women having dark skin color and live in regions having harsh sun exposure are particularly susceptible to melasma.

Symptoms

  • 1. Facial skin discoloration.
  • 2. Symmetrical dark patches.
  • 3. Dark patches on the skin of pregnant women.
  • 4. Discoloration on the center of the face, jaw bone, and cheekbones.
  • 5. Tanned skin on forearms and neck.

Diagnose Yourself

Facial skin discoloration
Symmetrical dark patches
Dark patches on the skin of pregnant women

Discoloration on the center of the face, jaw bone, and cheekbones
Tanned skin on forearms and neck

Overview

Menopausal Syndrome

Menopausal Syndrome or menopause refers to the cessation of menstruation in a woman. It signifies the end of fertile phase in a woman’s life when the ovaries simply stop functioning. The age of onset of menopause differs in all women, while the average age of onset of menopause is 51 years . In some women it can occur as early as in 30s or in late 60s in case of others. There is no relation of menopause with the age of onset of menstruation.

As menopause approaches, the menstrual cycles become irregular, the menstrual flow diminishes, osteoporosis may set in and some women experience hot flushes and vaginal atrophy. The women who have their ovaries removed due to any reason enter into menopause automatically. No link has been established between menopause and emotional disturbances.

Symptoms

  • 1. Irregularity and cessation of the menstrual cycle
  • 2. Hot flushes or feeling intense heat accompanied with sweating
  • 3. Decreased vaginal secretion
  • 4. Osteoporosis
  • 5. dysparunia or pain during coition
  • 6. extreme mood swings

Diagnose Yourself

Extreme mood swings
Dysparunia or pain during coition
Osteoporosis

Decreased vaginal secretion
Hot flushes or feeling intense heat accompanied with sweating
irregularity and cessation of the menstrual cycle

Overview

Fibroadenoma

Fibroadenoma is a lump composed of glandular or fibrous tissue with clearly defined edge in the breast. Fibroadenoma is also termed as breast mice or breast mouse for the fact that it is highly mobile in the breast and would often run away if an attempt is made to touch it. Though it is non-cancerous, a doctor may still recommend biopsy on spotting it.

There can be multiple fibroadenomas in the breasts. These are typically an inch in diameter and the ones bigger than that are called giant fibroadenomas. While the cause of these painless lumps is not known as of now, changes in reproductive hormones are thought to be the major reason behind them.

In most of the cases, fibroadenomas are left as such, though periodic monitoring is done. In some of the cases, surgical intervention is required to remove the lump. However, the tissue might be examined to check if there is any cancerous growth.

Symptoms

    Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that tend to be:
  • 1. Round
  • 2. Have distinct border
  • 3. Painless
  • 4. Rubbery.
  • 5. Highly mobile and would run away on touching

Diagnose Yourself

Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that are round
Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that have distinct border
Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that are painless

Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that are rubbery
Fibroadenomas are masses or lumps in the breast that are highly mobile and would run away on touching

Overview

Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a painful gynecological disorder which is characterized by growth of the lining of the uterus outside instead of inside. Around 6 – 10 percent of all women are affected by this disorder. It can involve the ovaries, tissues around the pelvis or the bowel. In rare cases, it may spread beyond the pelvic region.

In endometriosis, the displaced tissue would thicken, break down and bleed with each menstruation cycle. However, since the tissue has no exit, it tends to get trapped. In case the ovaries are involved, cysts name endometriomas can get formed. The condition causes severe pain and there can be fertility problems.

While the exact cause behind endometriosis is not yet determined, there is speculation on possible causes that may include retrograde menstruation, embryonic cell growth, surgical scar implantation, and a disorder of the immune system.

Symptoms

  • 1. Excessive pain during the periods
  • 2. Pain during intercourse
  • 3. Pain during urination or bowel movements
  • 4. Bleeding between periods or heavy bleeding
  • 5. Infertility
  • 6. Fatigue, diarrhea, nausea or bloating

Diagnose Yourself

Excessive pain during the periods
Pain during intercourse
Pain during urination or bowel movements

Bleeding between periods or heavy bleeding
Infertility
Fatigue, diarrhea, nausea or bloating

Overview

Hair Loss

Appearance of bald patches on the scalp or thinning of hair is referred to as hair loss. There are several reasons that may cause hair loss, including genetics, stress, illness, diet, compulsive pulling of hair, tight braids or ponytails, and use of hot hair irons can result in hair loss. In certain cases, iron deficiency may result in loss of hair. Some women may experience hair fall after giving birth.

Hereditary thinning of hair is one of the most common causes of hair loss, affecting both men and women. A receding hair line and appearance of bald patches are common symptoms of the condition. Alopecia areata, an autoimmune condition, is another possible reason in which an individual may lose hair. Certain illnesses, ringworm, and some cancer treatments also result in loss of hair.

Symptoms

  • 1. Loss of hair on scalp and rest of the body
  • 2. Skin lesions
  • 3. Scarring
  • 4. Hair loss in patterns
  • 5. In males hair thinning begins at the crown and temples
  • 6. In females hair loss starts from the frontal lobes

Diagnose Yourself

Loss of hair on scalp and rest of the body
Skin lesions
Scarring

Hair loss in patterns
In males hair thinning begins at the crown and temples
In females hair loss starts from the frontal lobes

Overview

Sterility

Sterility refers to the biological incapability of an individual to bear a child. It may also refer to the inability of a woman to carry pregnancy to its full term. Sterility is often caused due to biological reasons, some of which can be treated with medical intervention. Men and women have an equal share of sterility cases at 40 percent each, while the remaining 20 percent cases are caused due to the complications in both men and women.

There are certain general causes, those specific to women and those specific to men. General causes include DNA damage, diabetes, thyroid disorders, adrenal disease, toxins and smoking. Certain causes are specific to females, such as ovulation problems, tubal blockage, uterine problems, endometriosis and age related factors. Low semen quality, hormone imbalance, and testicular malformations are likely causes of infertility in men.

Symptoms

  • 1. Problem in conceiving a child
  • 2. Pain or lump in testicle area
  • 3. Low sex drive
  • 4. Erectile dysfunction
  • 5. Difficulty with ejaculation
  • 6. Lower than normal sperm count
  • 7. Decreased facial hair or body hair

Diagnose Yourself

Pain or lump in testicle area
Problem in conceiving a child
Low sex drive

Erectile dysfunction
Difficulty with ejaculation
Lower than normal sperm count

Decreased facial hair or body hair

Overview

Oligospermia

Oligospermia refers to the condition in which the semen of a male has low concentration of sperms. It is a common cause of male infertility. Normal sperm count is between 20 million sperms per millimeter to 120 million sperms per millimeter of the semen. Less than 20 million sperms per millimeter of semen is termed as oligospermia. It needs to be noted that the concentration of sperms can fluctuate and the condition itself can be temporary or permanent.

There are certain conditions in which the male testes produce poor quality semen. These conditions include age, genetic conditions, abnormal set of chromosomes, trauma, malaria, varicocele, Neoplasm and Cryptorchidism. Treatment methods include use of antibiotics if there is any infection, surgical correction in case of varicocele, vas deferens obstruction or hydrocele. Men with pituitary hypogonadism can opt for using FSH to seek improvement in sperm concentration.

Symptoms

  • 1. Problem in conceiving a child
  • 2. Testicular pain
  • 3. Burning sensation while urinating
  • 4. Thick discharge from penis

Diagnose Yourself

Thick discharge from penis
Problem in conceiving a child
Testicular pain

Burning sensation while urinating

Overview

Prostate Enlargement

The prostate gland is a male reproductive gland whose main function is to produce the liquid which carries the sperms during ejaculation. It is located between the bladder and the penis and tends to get enlarged in older men. When enlarged, it can affect the process of passing urine as it leads to difficulty in urination and difficulty in completely emptying the bladder with a frequent need of urination.

As per estimates, around 60 percent of men above the age of 60 years tend to have varying degrees of prostate enlargement. While prostate enlargement is not a major threat to one’s health, it results in mild to severe discomfort. In certain cases, it results in tremendous discomfort, affecting the quality of one’s life quite seriously. Treatment methods include changes in lifestyle like giving up on caffeine and alcohol, medication and surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. Being unable to urinate
  • 2. Incomplete bladder emptying
  • 3. Incontinence
  • 4. Frequent need of urination
  • 5. Blood in the urine
  • 6. Pain while urinating
  • 7. Weak urine stream
  • 8. Delay in the start of urine stream

Diagnose Yourself

Incomplete bladder emptying
Being unable to urinate
Incontinence

Frequent need of urination
Blood in the urine
Pain while urinating

Weak urine stream
Delay in the start of urine stream

Overview

Prostatitis

Prostatitis refers to the inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut sized gland which produces the fluid with sperms. There are few types of Prostatitis: acute, chronic, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory Prostatitis. It leads to intense pain during urination, pain in the groin, pelvic area and in certain cases, flu-like symptoms. It may be caused by bacterial infection, immune system disorder, nervous system disorder or an injury to the prostate area.

Prominent risk factors for Prostatitis include being a middle aged man, having an infection in the bladder, dehydration, contacting HIV/AIDS, being under psychological stress or family history of the disease. Common treatment methods include administrating antibiotics, alpha blockers, and pain relievers to the patients. Prostate massage is found to be effective against it as well, though there is some doubt regarding its effectiveness in this regard.

Symptoms

  • 1. Experiencing pain while passing urine
  • 2. Burning sensation while urinating
  • 3. Frequent urination, particularly during night
  • 4. Pain in the lower back, abdomen or groin
  • 5. Pain in the penis or testicles
  • 6. Painful ejaculation
  • 7. Flu-like symptoms in case of bacterial Prostatitis

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in the penis or testicles
Pain in the lower back, abdomen or groin
Painful ejaculation

Flu-like symptoms in case of bacterial Prostatitis
Experiencing pain while passing urine
Burning sensation while urinating

Frequent urination, particularly during night

Overview

Premature Ejaculation

Premature Ejaculation is a condition in which a man reaches orgasm much before he or his partner would want. The most common causes of premature ejaculation are performance anxiety and excessive stimulation. Certain psychological factors like guilt might be at play.

Prolonged premature ejaculation can lead to dissatisfaction in the partners. It can result in sexual tension and other issues in the relationship as well. While this disorder cannot be prevented, it can be prevented from recurring with relaxation. It is worthwhile to contact your doctor in case the condition persists for long.

Symptoms

  • 1. improper erections
  • 2. difficulty in insertion
  • 3. excessive anxiety during sex
  • 4. discharge of semen even before penetration.
  • 5. dischrage of semen before orgasm.
  • 6. dissatisfaction during sexual intercourse.

Diagnose Yourself

improper erections
difficulty in insertion
excessive anxiety during sex

discharge of semen even before penetration
discharge of semen before organism .
dissatisfaction during sexual intercourse

Overview

Nightfall

Nightfall refers to a common health disorder among men when one experiences spontaneous orgasm in sleep. The male would have an involuntary erection and ejaculate while sleeping. It is common among teenage males, some young people set to enter puberty and some older men. When ignored, nightfall can turn into a serious health hazard and can even alter the reproductive ability of a man.

The major causes of nightfall are fantasizing about lovemaking, suppressing the urge to urinate, certain dreams, high testosterone levels in the body and weak parasympathetic nervous system functioning. Relaxing and indulging in recreation exercises before going to bed can help the individuals suffering nightfall. To prevent the condition from degenerate into something serious, one should contact a qualified physician in case the problem persists for too long.

Symptoms

  • 1. Painful erections during sleep.
  • 2. Discharge of semen involuntarily.
  • 3. Weakness after discharge.
  • 4. Dreams of sex and fantasies.
  • 5. Ejaculation of semen.

Diagnose Yourself

painful erections during sleep
discharge of semen involuntarily
weakness after discharge

dreams of sex and fantasies
ejaculation of semen

Overview

Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis refers to the allergic inflammation of the nasal airways and is triggered by allergens such as animal dander, pollen or dust. Individuals having sensitive immune system are highly susceptible to allergic rhinitis. When plant pollen is the culprit behind triggering of allergy bout, it is called pollinosis and when caused by grass pollen, it is termed as hay fever.

Allergies are pretty common everywhere and a large portion of the general population is hounded by one form or another. It is estimated that one third of the populace is allergic to something or the other and around three-fourths have developed allergic reaction to something at least once in their entire lifetime.

Allergic rhinitis can be perennial or seasonal. While perennial allergic rhinitis can get triggered at any time of the year, seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs during specific seasons.

Symptoms

  • 1. Sneezing and Excess Nasal Secretion
  • 2. Nasal Congestion
  • 3. Irritation in nose, eyes, throat
  • 4. Swelling in eyelids
  • 5. Conjunctival Swelling
  • 6. Middle Ear Effusion
  • 7. Mild fever
  • 8. Bodyaches

Diagnose Yourself

Irritation of nose, ears, eyes and throat
Mild fever
Bodyache

Swelling in eyelids
Sneezing
Excess Nasal Secretion

Nasal Congestion
Conjuctival Swelling

Overview

Sinusitis

Sinusitis refers to the inflammation or swelling of the sinuses tissues. Under normal circumstances air fills the sinuses, but when these get filled with liquid, germs such as bacteria, fungus and virus start growing there, causing infection. Sinusitis is a pretty common condition that affects millions across the globe every year.

Sinusitis can set in due to common cold, a deviated septum, or allergic rhinitis (swelling in the nose lining).

    Different types of sinusitis are as follows:
  • 1. Acute sinusitis: Acute sinusitis is characterized by sudden onset of symptoms often related with cold such as a running nose and facial pain. This condition lasts for less than four weeks.
  • 2. Subacute sinusitis: Inflammation of the sinuses lasting between four and eight weeks is termed as Subacute sinusitis.
  • 3. Chronic sinusitis: Chronic sinusitis refers to sinusitis inflammation that lasts more than eight weeks.
  • 4. Recurrent sinusitis: Sinusitis inflammation that results in several attacks every year is termed as recurrent sinusitis.

Symptoms

  • 1. Headache
  • 2. Facial Pain
  • 3. Thick, green colored nasal discharge that may be accompanied by blood
  • 4. Toothache
  • 5. Infection of the eyes, vision problems
  • 6. Fever
  • 7. Bad breath
  • 8. Meningitis
  • 9. Seizures

Diagnose Yourself

Headache-
Facial Pain
Thick, green colored nasal discharge that may be accompanied by blood-

Toothache
Infection of the eyes, vision problems
Fever

Bad Breath
Meaningitis
Seizures

Overview

Chronic Bronchitis

The chronic inflammation of the bronchi in the lungs is termed as chronic bronchitis. It results in persistent cough accompanied by mucus and sputum (phlegm) for a period of three months for consecutive two years. Shortness of breath and wheezing are also reported in patients of the diseases.

The major cause of chronic bronchitis is tobacco smoking, which incidentally is the culprit behind a host of other diseases. Long term fume inhalation and pneumoconiosis are the other two major reasons of chronic bronchitis. Presence of dry cough, wheezing, breathing sounds and prolonged exhalation is accepted as evidence of the disease.

Symptoms

  • 1. Cough with sputum and phlegm
  • 2. Chest pains
  • 3. Fever
  • 4. Fatigue or malaise
  • 5. breathlessness after cough

Diagnose Yourself

Cough with sputum and phlegm
Chest pains
Fever

Fatigue or malaise
Breathlessness after cough

Overview

Asthma

Asthma, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways, results in breathing problems that can make the lives of the patients terrible. A combination of environmental as well as genetic factors is understood to cause this problem. A spurt in asthma attacks overall has been witnessed in the past few years, which is being attributed to the changing environment and heritable factors.

The development and exacerbation of asthma is associated with certain environmental factors such as air pollution, allergens and chemicals present in the air. Traffic pollution and increased ozone levels in the air contribute to the development of the disease and worsening of its symptoms. Children of women who smoke during pregnancy are known to develop this disease.

Asthma patients complain of shortness of breath, chest tightening, coughing, and wheezing . These symptoms tend to worsen at night or during early morning.

Symptoms

  • 1. Wheezing
  • 2. Chest tightening
  • 3. Coughing
  • 4. Shortness of breath
  • 5. Fever
  • 6. Cyanosis – blue or purple coloring of skin due to tissues being low on oxygen
  • 7. Vesicular breath sound
  • 8. Feeling grouchy, tired or moody
  • 9. Trouble in falling asleep and having sound sleep
  • 10. Running nose, sneezing, sore throat, headache and cough

Diagnose Yourself

Fever
Cyanosis – blue or purple coloring of skin due to tissues being low on oxygen
Vesicular breath sound

Feeling grouchy, tired or moody
Trouble in falling asleep and having sound sleep
Running nose, sneezing, sore throat, headache and cough

Chest tightening
Wheezing
Coughing

Shortness of breath

Overview

Urticaria

Urticaria, also known by the name hives, is an allergic reaction that results in skin rashes in the form of pale red and itchy bumps, often accompanied by a burning sensation. Rashes that persist for a period of six weeks or lesser are caused by allergic triggers, while those lasting even longer than that are caused by non-allergic triggers.

While the researchers are unsure about the exact cause of urticaria, they point at autoimmunity and acute viral inflammation as possible reasons. Other causes include exercise, temperature extremes, sunlight, and friction.

    There are two types of urticaria:
  • 1. Acute urticaria: Swelling that lasts less than six weeks is termed as acute urticaria. Triggers that can cause acute urticaria include foods such as fish, tomatoes, fish, eggs, berries, wheat and milk. Besides that, certain medicines, internal diseases and insect bites too are likely culprits.
  • 2. Chronic urticaria: Swelling that persists more than six weeks is called chronic urticaria. Most likely causes are autoimmunity, malignancy and hormonal disorders.

Symptoms

  • 1. Swelling on face, lips or tongue
  • 2. Wheezing
  • 3. Dizziness
  • 4. Difficulty in breathing
  • 5. Chest tightening
  • 6. Severe itching

Diagnose Yourself

Swelling on face, lips or tongue
Wheezing
Dizziness

Difficulty in breathing
Chest tightening
Severe itching

red, raised lesions on the skin
sudde red raised patches on exposure to cold ai

Overview

Wheat Allergy

Wheat allergy refers to the allergy to food items that contain wheat. This type of allergy is one of the most common food allergies that hound children. Food items such as beer, breads, cakes, cereals, pasta, soy sauce and ketchup contain varying amounts of wheat. While it is not common among adolescents and adults, it may develop among infants and toddlers, who tend to outgrow it when they grow old.

Wheat allergy might set in when the immune system of the body mistakes the proteins found in wheat for harmful substance and releases antibodies to protect it from toxic substances, bacteria or viruses. As a result, whenever someone allergic to wheat consumes it accidentally, the body launches an attack against it, thereby triggering an allergic reaction.

Symptoms

  • 1. Itching, irritation and swelling inside mouth or throat.
  • 2. Itchy rashes, swelling and hives on the skin.
  • 3. Difficulty in breathing.
  • 4. Diarrhea.
  • 5. Nausea and cramps.
  • 6. Watery eyes with accompanying itch.
  • 7. Anaphylaxis: Anaphylaxis is characterized by following symptoms:
  • 1. Increase in heartbeat.
  • 2. Severe difficulty in breathing.
  • 3. Tightness or pain in chest.
  • 4. Trouble in swallowing.

Diagnose Yourself

Itching, irritation and swelling inside mouth or throat
Itchy rashes, swelling and hives on the skin
Difficulty in breathing

Diarrhea
Nausea and cramps
Watery eyes with accompanying itch

Anaphylaxis
Increase in heartbeat
Severe difficulty in breathing

Tightness or pain in chest
Trouble in swallowing

Overview

Milk intolerance

Milk Intolerance refers to inability of an individual to digest lactose, a sugar present in milk. It cannot be classified as a disorder, but can be called a characteristic determined by genetic mark-up. The lactose intolerance can be attributed to the lack of lactase, an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the digestion of lactose and breaking it down into simpler sugars like galactose and glucose.

Milk Intolerance or more specifically lactose intolerance, is characterized by abdominal bloating, cramps, diarrhea and nausea after consumption of lactose in a large quantity. As per estimates, close to 75 percent of adults worldwide have milk intolerance. While more than 90 percent individuals in certain Asian and African countries, those in Europe, India and countries in Africa have lactose persistence.

Symptoms

  • 1. Abdominal bloating and cramps.
  • 2. Diarrhea.
  • 3. Vomiting.
  • 4. Rumbling stomach (borborygmi).
  • 5. Flatulence.
  • 6. Nausea.

Diagnose Yourself

Abdominal bloating and cramps
Diarrhea
Vomiting

Rumbling stomach (borboygmi)
Flatulence
Nausea

Overview

Adenoids

Adenoids are bunches of spongy tissue located at the back of the nasal cavity, just above the roof of the mouth. Their primary function is to prevent kids from falling sick, but when they get enlarged they can get really messy and disrupt normal breathing.

The functioning of adenoids is somewhat similar to that of tonsils. These help in filtering out harmful bacteria and viruses. The adenoids house cells that contain antibodies which help the body in fighting infections. While these are important for kids to remain healthy, their role tends to start diminishing once the kids get older.

If a child complains about difficulty in breathing, breathes noisily, snores or stops breathing for few seconds every now and then, get him or her checked for enlarged adenoids. The doctor may observe the condition of the child via X-ray and suggest further treatment, including surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. Difficulty in breathing via nose
  • 2. Breathing via mouth
  • 3. Talking in a way that suggests the child is breathing through nose
  • 4. Making noise while breathing
  • 5. Snoring
  • 6. Sleep apnea or stopping breathing for few seconds while sleeping

Diagnose Yourself

Difficulty in breathing via nose
Breathing via mouth
Talking in a way that suggests the child is breathing through nose

Making noise while breathing
Snoring
Sleep apnea or stopping breathing for few seconds while sleeping

Overview

Polyps

Polyps refer to the abnormal tissue growths, which project out of the mucous membrane. These can be attached to the mucous membrane with or without a stalk. Common sites where polyps are generally found include cervix, colon, nose, small intestine, stomach, sinuses, urinary bladder and uterus. While majority of polyps are harmless, some of them can be malignant as well.

The different types of polyps include nasal polyps, cervical polyps, colorectal polyps, and endometrial polyps. The risk of polyps developing into malignant cancer is highest in the case of polyps of the colon.

The nasal polyps can be detected with nasal endoscopy, imaging studies and allergy tests. Colonoscopy is primarily diagnosed with colorectal polyps, while endometrial polyps are diagnosed with ultrasound.

Symptoms

    Nasal Polyps
  • 1. Blocked nostrils.
  • 2. Headache.
  • 3. Decreased sense of smell.
  • 4. Excessive mucus.
    Colorectal polyps
  • 1. Passing blood along with stool
  • 2. Abdominal Pain
  • 3. Diarrhea
  • 4. Constipation
    Endometrial Polyps
  • 1. Excessive bleeding in periods
  • 2. Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • 3. Vaginal bleeding post menopause

Diagnose Yourself

Blocked nostrils
Headache
Decreased sense of smell

Excessive mucus. Colorectal polyps
Passing blood along with stool
Abdominal Pain

Diarrhea
Constipation
Excessive bleeding in periods

Irregular menstrual bleeding
Vaginal bleeding post menopause  

Overview

Acne

Acne is a pretty common skin disease that results in scaly red skin, whiteheads and blackheads, pimples, and pinheads, often accompanied with scarring. The face, upper chest and the back are the most commonly affected areas with acne. In most of the cases, acne sets in during adolescence and may even carry on into adulthood.

Increase in testosterone levels in the body during adolescence is the major culprit behind acne. Acne starts diminishing with age and in majority of individuals acne disappears by the age of 25. However, one can never predict by what age acne will disappear completely. Some individuals are known to carry the disease in their thirties and forties.

Symptoms

  • 1. Blackheads: Yellowish or black bumps developing on skin.
  • 2. Whiteheads: Bumps firmer than blackheads, but with a white center.
  • 3. Papules: Sore, tender and red colored bumps.
  • 4. Nodules: Large, hard and painful bumps under the skin.
  • 5. Cysts: Large spots which are often painful and filled with puss. Can lead to permanent scarring.
  • 6. pain in the lesions.
  • 7. eruptions on the back, arms and chest also.
  • 8. excessive dandruff on the scalp.
  • 9. irregularity of menses in females.

Diagnose Yourself

Blackheads: Yellowish or black bumps developing on skin
Whiteheads: Bumps firmer than blackheads, but with a white center
Papules: Sore, tender and red colored bumps

Nodules: Large, hard and painful bumps under the skin-
Cysts: Large spots which are often painful and filled with puss. Can lead to permanent scarring
pain in the lesions

eruptions on the back, arms and chest also
excessive dandruff on the scalp
irregularity of menses in females

Overview

Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a skin condition that is characterized by loss in its pigmentation. The condition is attributed to the death of melanocytes, the cells responsible for skin pigmentation. The exact reason behind vitiligo is unknown, but autoimmunity, oxidative stress and genetic, viral or neural causes are suspected as the likely culprits behind the condition.

Less than one percent of world population is known to be affected by vitiligo. Though this rare skin condition does not cause any physical discomfort, the discolored skin patches are often itchy. The part of the skin that becomes pale due to vitiligo gets vulnerable to sunburn when exposed to direct sunlight.

    There are two types of vitiligo
  • 1. Segmental vitiligo: Occurrence of white skin patches on one part of the body. It is less common form of vitiligo
  • 2. Non segmental vitiligo: Occurrence of symmetrical white skin patches all over the body.

Symptoms

  • 1. Loss of skin pigment resulting in milky-white patches.
  • 2. Premature whitening of hair on scalp, beard, eyelashes and eyebrows.
  • 3. Loss of color of tissues lining the skin of mouth.
  • 4. Change or loss of color of retina (inner layer of the eyes).
  • 5. Skin lesions on face, wrists and hands.

Diagnose Yourself

Loss of skin pigment resulting in milky-white patches
Premature whitening of hair on scalp, beard, eyelashes and eyebrows
Loss of color of tissues lining the skin of mouth

Change or loss of color of retina (inner layer of the eyes)
Skin lesions on face, wrists and hands

Overview

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a skin related, immune-mediated disease (one that is caused by abnormal functioning of the immune system of the body), which results in silvery-white appearance. There are certain treatment methods to suppress the symptoms. Though this disease is not contagious, it leads to other health scares such as stroke.

Psoriasis is known to set in when the immune system of the body mistakes healthy cells for pathogens and starts sending signals that result in the overproduction of more skin cells. This overproduction of skin cells results in accumulation of skin at certain body parts. It may affect skin on the scalp, knees, elbows, genitals, and soles of feet.

The different types of psoriasis include plaque, erythrodermic, pustular, guttate and inverse. Symptoms of the disease include plaque covered with silvery scales, mild to thick scaling on scalp, pits in the nails, discoloration of toenails and that of fingernails in some cases.

Symptoms

  • 1. Build up of plaque or bright red colored patches of skin, with silvery white scales on top.
  • 2. Dry, cracked skin.
  • 3. Bleeding when scales are scrapped off.
  • 4. Stiff and swollen joints.
  • 5. Severe itching, especially when there is psoriasis flare up.
  • 6. Nail disorders like tiny pits, yellowish discoloration and accumulation of skin debris beneath the nails.

Diagnose Yourself

Build up of plaque or bright red colored patches of skin, with silvery white scales on top
ry, cracked skin
Bleeding when scales are scrapped off

Stiff and swollen joints
Severe itching, especially when there is psoriasis flare up
Nail disorders like tiny pits, yellowish discoloration and accumulation of skin debris beneath the nails

Overview

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic Dermatitis is a form of eczema which is highly itching, can relapse, but is not contagious. The patients of atopic dermatitis report abnormal reaction of skin to environmental allergens, irritants and even food items. It can lead to skin redness, scratching and flakiness.

Skin of patients of atopic dermatitis becomes susceptible to bacterial infection. Skin that touches the joint bends such as that on the interior of knees and elbows is most likely to get affected by the disorder. This disorder may accompany other diseases such as asthma, allergic conjunctivitis and hay fever.

The causes of the disease are not entirely well known and there is no specific cure for it. However, one can opt for drug therapy to prevent it from triggering. In most cases, Atopic Dermatitis kicks in childhood and may persist through adulthood. It is estimated that around three-fourth of all cases improve by the time a child reaches adolescence.

Symptoms

  • 1. Redness of skin
  • 2. Swelling
  • 3. Loss of eyebrow hair and eyelashes
  • 4. Red, scaly and crusty cheeks
  • 5. Dry, thick and scaly skin
  • 6. Persistent itching
  • 7. Dull looking lesions on face, hands, neck, and feet
  • 8. Sensitive skin that tends to crack

Diagnose Yourself

Redness of skin
Swelling
Loss of eyebrow hair and eyelashes

Red, scaly and crusty cheeks
Dry, thick and scaly skin
Persistent itching

Dull looking lesions on face, hands, neck, and feet
Sensitive skin that tends to crack

Overview

Dermatitis

Dermatitis, meaning skin inflammation, refers to a range of skin ailments that result in dry, red and itchy skin. In some of the cases blisters or crusty scales may set in, which may ooze fluid. Several types of allergens, health conditions and genetics may cause skin rashes. The dermatitis symptoms tend to vary with the different types of the disease.

There are three major types of dermatitis:

Contact Dermatitis: Skin inflammation that sets in when the body comes in contact with an irritant like plants or plant based products such as poison ivy, fruits, vegetables, herbs, flowers, metals, rubber, hair dyes and fragrances, is termed as contact dermatitis.

Nummular Dermatitis: Nummular Dermatitis is characterized by oval or round lesions. This condition is neither contagious nor linked with food allergies.

Atopic Dermatitis: Atopic dermatitis leads to terrible itching, redness and flakes on skin. It is known to be caused by allergens, food and irritants.

Symptoms

  • 1. Skin rashes
  • 2. Blisters
  • 3. Swelling and skin lesions
  • 4. Dry, itchy and red skin
  • 5. Small red bumps on scalp, neck, shoulders, elbows, buttocks and knees
  • 6. Stinging and burning sensation
  • 7. Pimples on hairline, face, chest and back

Diagnose Yourself

Skin rashe
Blisters-
Swelling and skin lesions

Dry, itchy and red skin
Small red bumps on scalp, neck, shoulders, elbows, buttocks and knees
Stinging and burning sensation

Pimples on hairline, face, chest and back

Overview

Hyper Pigmentation

Hyper pigmentation refers to appearance of dark spots on the skin when there is excess production of melanin. It usually leads to black or brown patches and an uneven skin tone. It might be caused by overexposure to sun, inflammation or due to skin injuries. Hyper pigmentation can either be focal or diffuse and face and back of hands are most commonly affected by it.

The most common type of hyper pigmentation is age spot, caused by radiation of the sun. Another common type of the skin condition is melasma, which affects pregnant women.

A dermatologist may examine the dark spots on the skin and recommend a treatment. Possible treatment methods include skin peeling, application of dry ice, and laser application. Over the counter medications such as skin lighteners can help in removing excess melanin and slowing down melanin production.

Symptoms

  • 1. Dark patches of skin
  • 2. Skin discoloration
  • 3. Unexplained lightening or darkening of skin
  • 4. Lesions or sore skin
  • 5. Spots on the skin
  • 6. Discoloration of skin during pregnancy

Diagnose Yourself

Dark patches of skin
Skin discoloration
Unexplained lightening or darkening of skin-

Lesions or sore skin
Spots on the skin
Discoloration of skin during pregnancy

Overview

Melasma

Melasma refers to the skin discoloration or tanning, often seen in the case of pregnant women though it can affect anyone. Pregnant women and those who are taking oral contraceptives often complain of melasma. It is a non-threatening skin condition and the discoloration may go away on its own after stopping usage of oral contraceptives or after giving birth to a baby.

Experts feel that melasma gets triggered by female sex hormones progesterone and estrogen that stimulate melanocytes (the cells that produce pigment that gives skin its color) to produce more melanin pigment. Women having dark skin color and live in regions having harsh sun exposure are particularly susceptible to melasma.

Symptoms

  • 1. Facial skin discoloration.
  • 2. Symmetrical dark patches.
  • 3. Dark patches on the skin of pregnant women.
  • 4. Discoloration on the center of the face, jaw bone, and cheekbones.
  • 5. Tanned skin on forearms and neck.

Diagnose Yourself

Facial skin discoloration
Symmetrical dark patches
Dark patches on the skin of pregnant women

Discoloration on the center of the face, jaw bone, and cheekbones
Tanned skin on forearms and neck

Overview

Freckles

Freckles are clusters of tanned circular spots on the skin. These are more prominent on the skin of fair people and tend to develop on the skin in a random manner. These can get aggravated owing to exposure to sun. Freckles set in when there is concentration of melanin under the skin and are of the size of head of nails.

The color and distribution of freckles is mostly uniform, and these may have yellow, red, black or brown color. Their color gets dark during summers and lightens during winters. Freckles do not signify any serious skin problem, but tend to be mistaken for moles in many cases. While these do not lead to skin cancer, the disease may masquerade itself as freckles. Certain treatment methods can help in lightening or complete elimination of freckles.

Symptoms

  • 1. Change in the color of the skin
  • 2. Mostly occur on the face , below eyes and on the chin area
  • 3. No itching but only small hypopigmented macules are there
  • 4. Macules arranged linearly

Diagnose Yourself

Change in the color of the skin
mostly occur on the face , below eyes and on the chin area
no itching but only small hypopigmented macules are there

macules arranged linearly

Overview

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia Areata or spot baldness is the loss of hair from some or all body parts, especially from the scalp. In rare cases, it spreads to the entire epidermis (skin) or to the entire scalp. Around 20 percent of patients have a family history of this condition. Autoimmune condition is the most likely culprit behind alopecia areata.

Men, women as well as children are known to get affected by Alopecia Areata. A major event in one’s life such as pregnancy, trauma or illness can lead to hair loss in some of the patients. In case the hair loss is limited, it is possible that the hair may grow back on its own after some time.

Symptoms

  • 1. Hair loss in spots.
  • 2. Itching.
  • 3. Burning sensation.
  • 4. Smooth and round hair loss patches.
  • 5. Loss of all scalp hair within first six month of appearance of first symptoms.
  • 6. Loss of all hair on scalp and body.
  • 7. Exclamation point hair.

Diagnose Yourself

Hair loss in spots
Itching
Burning sensation

Smooth and round hair loss patches
Loss of all scalp hair within first six month of appearance of first symptoms
Loss of all hair on scalp and body

Exclamation point hair

Overview

Warts

Rough skin growth on the feet and hands resembling blisters is referred to as warts. Viral infection, specifically due to various types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main culprit behind warts. There are ten different types of warts and the most common one is harmless. These can last for several years altogether or may disappear within few months.

Most prevalent types of warts include Common Wart, Flat Wart, Genital Wart, Mosaic Wart, Plantar Wart, Filiform Wart, and Periungal Wart. These may grow on any body part. Warts are contagious and one may catch them from affected patients by sharing personal items like towels and razors.

Symptoms

    Common Warts:
  • 1. Appear in groups or singly on hands or feet.
  • 2. Dome shaped growths that are rough and gray-brown color.
    Plantar Warts:
  • 1. Pain while walking
  • 2. Dark specks appear below the wart surface.
    Flat Warts:
  • 1. Skin growth on face, legs or arms
  • 2. Small in size, multiple warts in a small region
  • 3. Pink, light yellow or light brown in color and have flat tops
    Genital Warts
  • 1. Skin growth in genital or anal regions.
  • 2. Have different shapes and sizes.
  • While some genital warts have cauliflower shape, others appear like flat patches which are white in color.

Diagnose Yourself

Appear in groups or singly on hands or feet
Dome shaped growths that are rough and gray-brown color
Pain while walking

. Dark specks appear below the wart surface
Skin growth on face, legs or arms
Small in size, multiple warts in a small region

Pink, light yellow or light brown in color and have flat tops
Skin growth in genital or anal regions
Have different shapes and sizes.

Overview

Anxiety Neurosis

Anxiety neurosis is a common type of psychoneurosis, which involves distress but not accompanied by hallucinations and delusion. Patients of this mental disorder have imaginary fears and feel as if they are losing control of their lives. Such people are extremely anxious and become panicky in certain situations that they feel are not in their control. Perceived dangers, irrational fears, inability in dealing with normal stress in life are major culprits behind anxiety neurosis. Anxiety neurosis is characterized by feeling of impending doom, despair, confinement and suspense. Besides that, one may experience panic attacks, anxiousness about future, chest pain, a racing heart, sweating, nausea, unpleasant thoughts and depression. The disorder is considered to be a combination of actions of behavioral system, the mental system and the physical system in response to anxiety. Treatment methods include cognitive behavior therapy, exposure therapy, hypnosis, medication, meditation, and self help exercises.

Symptoms

  • 1. Alternating between despair and hope
  • 2. Feeling confined
  • 3. Feeling of approaching doom
  • 4. Panic, fear and anxiety
  • 5. Shortness of breath
  • 6. Chest discomfort
  • 7. Sweating, nausea and dizziness
  • 8. Diarrhea
  • 9. Depression, sadness and anger
  • 10. Decrease in libido

Diagnose Yourself

Alternating between despair and hope
Feeling confined
Feeling of approaching doom

Panic, fear and anxiety
Shortness of breath
Chest discomfort

Sweating, nausea and dizziness
Diarrhea
Depression, sadness and anger

Decrease in libido

Overview

Depression

An individual is said to be suffering from depression when he or she experiences hopelessness, helplessness, loss of interest in activities otherwise enjoyable, changes in sleep patterns, weight loss, loss of zing, self loathing, and problem in concentrating or making decisions. Such an individual tends to feel suicidal and needs to be provided immediate help. Men, women, teens and elders could get depressed due to disparate reasons. Patients of depression often exhibit loss in interest in former pastimes, hobbies, sex and social activities. They may turn insomniacs or sleep too much, lose or gain too much weight, get easily agitated, fatigued and sluggish. They criticize themselves for past mistakes and faults, turn to escapist behavior, drug abuse and have trouble focusing on simple tasks. Possible treatment methods include medication, behavior therapy, meditation and exercising.

Symptoms

  • 1. Feeling helpless and hopeless
  • 2. Loss of interest in former hobbies and other enjoyable activities
  • 3. Change in sleep pattern – either sleeping too much or too less
  • 4. Rapid weight loss or weight gain
  • 5. Feeling angry and easily irritated
  • 6. Feeling physically drained, sluggish or fatigued
  • 7. Feeling guilt or worthlessness
  • 8. Trouble in staying focused, remembering things, and making decisions
  • 9. Escapist behavior such as indulgence in drugs, dangerous sports or reckless driving
  • 10. Unexplained headache, pain in back, aching muscles, and pain in stomach

Diagnose Yourself

Feeling helpless and hopeless
Loss of interest in former hobbies and other enjoyable activities
Change in sleep pattern – either sleeping too much or too less

Rapid weight loss or weight gain
Feeling angry and easily irritated
Feeling physically drained, sluggish or fatigued

Feeling guilt or worthlessness
Trouble in staying focused, remembering things, and making decisions
Escapist behavior such as indulgence in drugs, dangerous sports or reckless driving

Unexplained headache, pain in back, aching muscles, and pain in stomach

Overview

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a mental disorder signified by thought process breakdown and lack of emotional response to typical situations. Weird delusions, paranoid behavior, hallucinations and thought disorder are the most likely symptoms of schizophrenia. The disorder affects less than one percent of total global population and its symptoms start surfacing during adulthood. The patient’s reported experience and his or her behavior form the basis of diagnosis.

Major contributing factors are genetics, neurobiology, early environment, and social and psychological processes. Drug abuse is also known to induce or worsen the symptoms of schizophrenia. The treatment of the disorder is based on antipsychotic medication aimed at suppressing the receptor activity of dopamine and serotonin. In some of the cases, the patients may become violent and threat to others and may have to be moved to hospital for their own good and that of the others.

Symptoms

  • 1. Hallucinations, including hearing voices
  • 2. Bizarre delusions
  • 3. Speech and thinking process disorganization
  • 4. Lack of responsiveness
  • 5. Emotional difficulty
  • 6. Paranoia
  • 7. Social isolation
  • 8. Trouble with working and long term memory
  • 9. Aimless agitation

Diagnose Yourself

Hallucinations, including hearing voices
Bizarre delusions
Speech and thinking process disorganization

Lack of responsiveness
Emotional difficulty
Paranoia

Social isolation
Trouble with working and long term memory
Aimless agitation

Overview

Examination Stress

Ever experienced butterflies in the stomach just before exams, faced difficulty in sleeping, getting irritated, trembling or being unable to concentrate? Well, it might be examination stress. Stress during exams is natural and up to a certain level, it might be fruitful as it drives the person taking up an exam to perform better. However, some individuals may crack under excess pressure and start behaving weirdly.

There is a significant decline in their quality of performance owing to huge amount of stress, which forms a vicious circle, where one thing leads to another. Examinees may suffer panic attacks just before appearing in exam and may completely forget whatever they might have learned when taking tests.

Individuals experiencing examination stress ought to have breakfast before the examination or lunch, in case it is scheduled later. They should avoid studying all night, stay relaxed, drink plenty of water and avoid analyzing their performance after taking the exam.

Symptoms

  • 1. Headache
  • 2. Difficulty in falling asleep and/or while sleeping
  • 3. Getting terribly irritated
  • 4. Loss of energy, feel tired
  • 5. Feeling sick

Diagnose Yourself

Headache
Difficulty in falling asleep and/or while sleeping
Getting terribly irritated

Loss of energy, feel tired
Feeling sick

Overview

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

I.B.S. or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a common disorder of the digestive system that affects the large intestine. It is characterized by bloating, diarrhea, stomach cramps and constipation. Bouts of IBS are experienced during stress or after consuming certain types of food items. Though the symptoms of IBS can be pretty uncomfortable, these do not cause any permanent damage to the colon. In some of the cases, IBS can be disabling, while most patients learn to cope up with it with time. While the exact cause behind IBS is unknown, experts theorize that it may set in due to miscommunication of the brain with the gastrointestinal tract. Certain conditions like bile acid malabsorption, celiac disease, fructose malabsorption, inflammatory bowel diseases and bacterial overgrowth in the small intestine.

Symptoms

  • 1. Abdominal pain
  • 2. Diarrhea
  • 3. Constipation
  • 4. Bloating
  • 5. Abdominal distention
  • 6. Tenesmus or feeling incomplete evacuation
  • 7. Mucus in stool

Diagnose Yourself

Abdominal Pain
Diarrhea
Constipation

Tenesmus or feeling incomplete evacuation
Bloating
Mucus in stool

Urgency for stools after food

Overview

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder, which is characterized by unwelcome involuntary thoughts that result in apprehension, fear, and worry and/or repetitive behaviors otherwise aimed at reduction of the associated anxiety. While an obsession is generally associated with something pleasant and enjoyable, the obsession in case of OCD may be frightening and unpleasant. The symptoms of OCD include repetitive checking; excessive cleaning or washing; extreme hoarding; nervous rituals like performing an activity several times before proceeding; and preoccupation with religious, sexual and violent thoughts. These symptoms are often time consuming and irritating and can result in financial as well as economic distress. OCD sufferers are known to be above-average intelligent, tend to have an eye for details, avert risks, plan carefully and take some time to arrive at decisions. Biological and psychological factors are known to be behind the disorder.

Symptoms

  • 1. Performing tasks repeatedly to seek relief from anxiety related with obsession.
  • 2. Sexual obsessions involving thoughts or images about having fondling, kissing, intercourse, unnatural sex, rape and incest with family members, near relatives, children, coworkers, prominent religious figures and even animals
  • 3. Acting compulsively for mitigating the anxiety stemming out of obsessive thoughts
  • 4. Repetitively washing hands, checking safety of parked cars and being particular about keeping things organized in a certain way
  • 5. Keeping doors closed all the time
  • 6. Doing certain things again and again
  • 7. Using rationalizations to justify weird actions

Diagnose Yourself

Performing tasks repeatedly to seek relief from anxiety related with obsession
Sexual obsessions involving thoughts or images about having fondling, kissing, intercourse, unnatural sex, rape and incest with family members, near relatives, children, coworkers, prominent religious figures and even animals
Acting compulsively for mitigating the anxiety stemming out of obsessive thoughts

Repetitively washing hands, checking safety of parked cars and being particular about keeping things organized in a certain way
Keeping doors closed all the time
Doing certain things again and again

Using rationalizations to justify weird actions

Overview

Mania

Mania is a state of mind characterized by severe mood swings pretty rapidly, where one is extremely happy at one moment and immensely angry, hostile and irritable in the other. It is perceived as an important symptom for diagnosis of certain psychological conditions. It may set in due to malignancy, drug intoxication (methamphetamine and cocaine etc), side effects of certain drugs like SSRIs and steroids.

There are two forms of mania, hypomania (mild mania) and full scale mania that is characterized by psychotic features like aggression, catatonic behavior, delusion, hallucinations, and preoccupation with thoughts. It is easy to mistake maniacs for substance abusers for their erratic behavior. Such persons are known to possess tremendous artistic talent and creativity.

The cause of mania is unknown and researchers speculate amount of dopamine, glutamate, norepinephrine and gamma-amunobutryic acid might have something to do with the condition.

Symptoms

  • 1. Difficulty at work and in maintaining social relationships
  • 2. An exaggerated self esteem, becoming talkative, racing thoughts, and enjoying behaviors with potentially negative outcome
  • 3. Quick sifting of ideas through mind
  • 4. Depression
  • 5. Distraction with seemingly unimportant stimuli
  • 6. Delusion, hyper activity, hyper vigilance, hyper sexuality, impulsiveness, and decreased need for sleep.
  • 7. Severely elated mood that can be unpleasant or disturbing for others.

Diagnose Yourself

Difficulty at work and in maintaining social relationships
An exaggerated self esteem, becoming talkative, racing thoughts, and enjoying behaviors with potentially negative outcome
Quick sifting of ideas through mind

Depression
Distraction with seemingly unimportant stimuli
Delusion, hyper activity, hyper vigilance, hyper sexuality, impulsiveness, and decreased need for sleep.

Severely elated mood that can be unpleasant or disturbing for others.

Overview

Behavior Disorders

All sorts of behavior disorders hound people around the globe. Children as well as adults are found to be patients of myriad behavior disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety, panic attacks, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), and Conduct Disorder (CD). Treatment of these disorders can include medication, education and therapy or a combination of two or all of them.

Some symptoms might be common across all the disorders, so correct diagnosis could be difficult as well as time consuming. It is possible that a child may have multiple disorders at the same time, thereby making things too complex. Some factors that may exacerbate the condition of the patient include substance abuse, family difficulties and emotional problems.

Boys are more prone to such disorders, though the exact reason behind why so happens is unknown. At times, low birth weight, premature birth and difficult pregnancy can be the reason behind such behavior disorders.

Symptoms

    Conduct disorders
  • 1. Repeated truancy, refusal to obey orders
  • 2. Tendency to indulge in alcohol, drugs or cigarettes at a tender age
  • 3. Aggressiveness and sadistic behavior such as bullying and sexual abuse
  • 4. Criminal behavior, keen on starting fights and using weapons
    Attention Deficit Disorder
  • 1. Impulsiveness: Cutting the sentences of others and talking over them
  • 2. Inattention: Difficulty in concentrating, keep shifting between tasks without completing them
  • 3. Difficulty in following instructions
  • 4. Restlessness, overactivity and fidgeting
    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • 1. Obsessive thoughts such as fear of causing harm to others as well as self
  • 2. Fear of losing things, causing harm or having violent or sexually explicit thought
  • 3. Repetitive checking of things like appliances, switches and locks
  • 4. Keen on arranging things
  • 5. Religious fear and praying excessively

Diagnose Yourself

Repeated truancy, refusal to obey orders
Tendency to indulge in alcohol, drugs or cigarettes at a tender age
Aggressiveness and sadistic behavior such as bullying and sexual abuse

Criminal behavior, keen on starting fights and using weapons
Impulsiveness: Cutting the sentences of others and talking over them
Inattention: Difficulty in concentrating, keep shifting between tasks without completing them

Religious fear and praying excessively
Difficulty in following instructions
Restlessness, overactivity and fidgeting

Obsessive thoughts such as fear of causing harm to others as well as self
Fear of losing things, causing harm or having violent or sexually explicit thought
Keen on arranging things

Overview

Stage fright

Stage fright is the anxiety or fear experienced by an individual when required to perform in the front of a crowd. Stage fright includes the fear of performing in front of an actual crowd or perceived, such as in the case of performing in front of a camera. One may experience social fright without having any other problem or it may be the part of a social anxiety disorder or any other social phobia. Stage fright is observed in people across diverse backgrounds, including politicians, musicians, and actors. Even the individuals with years of experience in public speaking might not be immune to it. School students are particularly affected by it and tend to get cold when it comes to delivering speeches. Major symptoms of the condition include blushing, dry mouth, racing heart, increase in blood pressure, a shaking voice, and nausea.

Symptoms

  • 1. Blushing.
  • 2. Dry mouth.
  • 3. Racing heart.
  • 4. Increase in blood pressure.
  • 5. A shaking voice.
  • 6. Nausea.
  • 7. Butterflies in the stomach.

Diagnose Yourself

Blushing
Dry mouth
Racing heart

Increase in blood pressure
A shaking voice
Nausea

Butterflies in the stomach

Overview

Arthritis

Arthritis is a joint disorder which is characterized by inflammation of the joints. This disorder has over 100 different types, with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis being the most prominent ones. Traditionally considered as the disease of the elderly, it can affect individuals in any age group. It affects millions across the globe irrespective of their racial background, age or sex. Severe pain in the joints is the most common complaint by sufferers of arthritis.

Some of the common symptoms of arthritis include intense pain, joint stiffness, swelling, difficulty in using the hands or even walking, loss of weight, tiredness, tenderness, poor sleep and muscle aches and pains. Arthritis renders individuals physically inactive, obese, and at high risk of heart diseases. Patients of this disease are especially vulnerable to depression.

While there is no care available for osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, one may experience relief with certain lifestyle changes, medications, orthopedic braces and joint replacement. Reduction in inflammation with medications results in decrease in pain.

Symptoms

  • 1. Intense pain.
  • 2. Joint stiffness
  • 3. Swelling.
  • 4. Difficulty in using the hands or even walking.
  • 5. Loss of weight.
  • 6. Tiredness.
  • 7. Tenderness.
  • 8. Poor sleep.
  • 9. Muscle aches and pains.
  • 10. Decreased fitness levels.

Diagnose Yourself

Intense pain
Joint stiffness
Swelling

Difficulty in using the hands or even walking
Loss of weight
Tiredness

Tenderness
Poor sleep
Muscle aches and pains

Decreased fitness levels

Overview

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a systematic autoimmune disease that is often highly painful and disabling. It tends to affect many body tissues as well as organs. However, the flexible joints are among its primary targets. In case adequate treatment is not administered to the patients, they may face tremendous difficulty in performing normal chores and their mobility can be severely hampered.

The worsening of the disease can be slowed with pharmacological as well as non pharmacological treatment methods. Pharmacological treatment methods include anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) have been found to be pretty effective against Rheumatoid arthritis. Physical therapy, nutritional therapy, occupational therapy and orthoses are the major non pharmacological treatment methods.

Women are twice more likely to be affected by Rheumatoid arthritis. The condition is a form of autoimmunity, while the cause of the same is unknown. No evidence has been found between emotional or physical stress with the condition.

Symptoms

  • 1. Swollen, tender and warm joints.
  • 2. Stiffness in joins that limits movement.
  • 3. Increased stiffness more prominent during early morning.
  • 4. Fibrosis of lungs.
  • 5. Renal Amyloidosis.
  • 6. Atherosclerosis.
  • 7. Sweet’s Syndrome, atrophy of skin, skin fragility and drug reactions.

Diagnose Yourself

Swollen, tender and warm joints
Stiffness in joins that limits movement
Increased stiffness more prominent during early morning

Fibrosis of lungs
Renal Amyloidosis
Atherosclerosis

Sweet’s Syndrome, atrophy of skin, skin fragility and drug reactions

Overview

Gout

Gout is an extremely painful condition, which is characterized by attacks of arthritis and result in red, hot, swollen and tender joint. It is referred to as podagra when the big toe is involved. The sharp increase in the levels of uric acid in the blood is the culprit behind this condition. It tends to crystallize and gets deposited in joints, tendons and the tissues that surround them, thereby resulting in debilitating pain.

Gout attack victims can expect some relief with steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or colchicines. Certain lifestyle changes can be effective in obtaining long term relief once the symptoms of the condition subside. Around 1-2 percent of the population in the West is believed to have been affected by gout once in their entire lifetime. Also known as ‘rich man’s disease’, it is linked to diet changes and increase in life expectancy.

Symptoms

  • 1. Red, hot, tender and swollen joints.
  • 2. Swelling in fingers, wrists, knees and heels.
  • 3. Joint pain that sets in during the night.
  • 4. Deposits of uric acid crystals near the joints.
  • 5. Stone formation in the kidneys.

Diagnose Yourself

Red, hot, tender and swollen joints
Swelling in fingers, wrists, knees and heels
Joint pain that sets in during the night

Deposits of uric acid crystals near the joints
Stone formation in the kidneys

Overview

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis or Bechtrew’s Disease is the chronic inflammation of the axial skeleton that affects the sacroiliac joint in the pelvis and joints in the spine. Ankylosing spondylitis is a sub type of spondyloarthritis, which in turn is chronic arthritis, thought to be a resultant of immune systems at play. It can lead to stiffening of the spine, rendering the patient in tremendous pain and having difficulty in moving. No cure has been found for Ankylosing spondylitis. However, certain medications and other treatment methods can help in obtaining relief from pain and symptoms. The symptoms tend to start appearing by 23 years of age when the patient starts experiencing stiffness in parts or the entire spine, accompanied by chronic pain. Less than half of the patients experience inflammation in the eye, redness and pain in the eye, loss of vision and photophobia.

Symptoms

  • Chronic pain in the body.
  • Stiffness in the middle or the entire spine.
  • Redness and pain in the eye.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Photophobia.
  • Nausea and generalized fatigue.
  • Swelling in the joints of the limbs.
  • Severe pain that may subside with little movement.

Diagnose Yourself

Chronic pain in the body.
Stiffness in the middle or the entire spine
Redness and pain in the eye

Loss of vision
Photophobia
Nausea and generalized fatigue

Swelling in the joints of the limbs
Severe pain that may subside with little movement

Overview

Cervical Spondylitis

Cervical spondylitis refers to wear and tear in the neck with age. It happens to affect the bones as well as the tissues in the neck. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are terrible pain in the neck, headaches and stiffness. In rare cases, it tends to result in pain in the arms, numbness in the legs and hands, loss in coordination and facing difficulty while walking.

The most likely causes of cervical spondylitis are wear and tear in the tissues and bones that constitute the spine. Ligaments tend to stiffen and the discs in the spine get dried out. As per estimates, nine out of ten adults have varying degrees of cervical spondylitis, but they may not experience the symptoms. It is diagnosed using X-ray scan and MRI scan of the neck. It is treated with a combination of exercises, self care techniques, maintaining proper posture while sitting and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain and stiffness in the neck.
  • 2. Terrible headache that originates in the neck.
  • 3. Pain in the arms and the shoulder.
  • 4. Being unable to turn the head.
  • 5. Sensation in the neck while turning.
  • 6. Numbness, tingling and weakness in the arms, feet, legs and hands.
  • 7. Muscle spasms.
  • 8. Incontinence.
  • 9. Difficulty in walking.
  • 10. Loss of coordination and vertigo.10. Loss of coordination and vertigo.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain and stiffness in the neck
Terrible headache that originates in the neck
Pain in the arms and the shoulder

Being unable to turn the head
Sensation in the neck while turning
Sensation in the neck while turning

Numbness, tingling and weakness in the arms, feet, legs and hands
Muscle spasms
Incontinence

Difficulty in walking
Loss of coordination and vertigo

Overview

Sciatica

Sciatica is the name given to a painful condition that sets in due to the compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in the body. This nerve runs from the back of the pelvis, passes through the buttocks and goes down the legs and ends at feet. When the nerve is compressed or irritated by anything, it results in pain in lower back down the leg up to the calf.

Some of the most common symptoms of the condition include pain in the lower back or leg, which worsens upon sitting, burning or tingling sensation in the leg, weakness and numbness in the leg or foot, chronic pain on the either side of the rear, and a terrible pain that can make it difficult to stand up. One can experience relief with exercise, hot or cold packs and over-the-counter painkillers.

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain in the lower back or leg that tends to worsens upon sitting.
  • 2. Burning or tingling sensation in the leg.
  • 3. Weakness and numbness in the leg or foot.
  • 4. Chronic pain on the either side of the rear side of the leg from hip to the knee or ankle.
  • 5. Terrible pain which can make standing up difficult.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in the lower back or leg that tends to worsens upon sitting
Burning or tingling sensation in the leg
Weakness and numbness in the leg or foot

Chronic pain on the either side of the rear side of the leg from hip to the knee or ankle
Terrible pain which can make standing up difficult

Overview

Renal failure

Renal failure refers to the inability of the kidneys to filter the waste products from the blood. Renal failure may set in due to an internal injury or due to chronic kidney disease. While the former is treatable with the help of proper treatment, the latter is often irreversible. Renal failure is characterized by reduction or absence of urine production, leading to accumulation of waste products in the body which can be deadly.

The possible causes of acute renal failure are heavy blood loss due to an injury or an infection, dehydration, damage due to poisons, infections and some medicines, blockage like kidney stones, tumor, injury or an enlarged prostate. Older adults or individuals with health concerns like liver or kidney disease, obesity, heart failure or diabetes are at high risk of renal failure.

Symptoms

  • 1. Little or no urine production.
  • 2. Swelling in the body, particularly in the legs and the feet.
  • 3. Nausea and vomiting.
  • 4. Anxiousness, confusion, restlessness and feeling sleepy.
  • 5. Flank pain or acute pain in the back

Diagnose Yourself

Little or no urine production
Swelling in the body, particularly in the legs and the feet
Nausea and vomiting

Anxiousness, confusion, restlessness and feeling sleepy
Flank pain or acute pain in the back

Overview

Lumbago

Lumbago refers to pain in the lower back that leads to mild to severe discomfort. It is termed as acute if it is sudden and severe, or chronic when the pain lasts for a long time. It is quite common in young individuals involved in heavy physical work and elders of retirement age. While it might not be possible to identify the exact reason behind the pain, the specific cause can be pointed to a specific problem.

There are a variety of conditions that may result in lumbago, including Apophyseal osteoarthritis, Degenerative discs, slipped discs, Spondylolisthesis, Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, Scheuermann's kyphosis, fracture, misaligned pelvis, Rheumatoid arthritis, infection, bone tumors, Intradural spinal tumors, Osteoporotic fractures, Tension myositis syndrome, Pelvic/abdominal disease, Posture or prostate cancer.

The diagnosis of lumbago is difficult owing to the fact that lower back is comprises of a complex network of ligaments, soft tissues, tendons, bones, joints, discs and nerves. All of these are interwoven to make up the spinal structure.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe pain in the lower back.
  • 2. Muscle spasms.
  • 3. Stiff back.
  • 4. Limp or change in posture due to severe pain.
  • 5. Numbness or tingling sensation in the back.
  • 6. Buttocks or either leg.
  • 7. Limited movement in the spine.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe pain in the lower back
Muscle spasms
Stiff back

Limp or change in posture due to severe pain
Numbness or tingling sensation in the back
Buttocks or either leg

Limited movement in the spine

Overview

Prostate Enlargement

The prostate gland is a male reproductive gland whose main function is to produce the liquid which carries the sperms during ejaculation. It is located between the bladder and the penis and tends to get enlarged in older men. When enlarged, it can affect the process of passing urine as it leads to difficulty in urination and difficulty in completely emptying the bladder with a frequent need of urination.

As per estimates, around 60 percent of men above the age of 60 years tend to have varying degrees of prostate enlargement. While prostate enlargement is not a major threat to one’s health, it results in mild to severe discomfort. In certain cases, it results in tremendous discomfort, affecting the quality of one’s life quite seriously. Treatment methods include changes in lifestyle like giving up on caffeine and alcohol, medication and surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. Being unable to urinate
  • 2. Incomplete bladder emptying
  • 3. Incontinence
  • 4. Frequent need of urination
  • 5. Blood in the urine
  • 6. Pain while urinating
  • 7. Weak urine stream
  • 8. Delay in the start of urine stream

Diagnose Yourself

Incomplete bladder emptying
Being unable to urinate
Incontinence

Frequent need of urination
Blood in the urine
Pain while urinating

Weak urine stream
Delay in the start of urine stream

Overview

Prostatitis

Prostatitis refers to the inflammation of the prostate gland, a walnut sized gland which produces the fluid with sperms. There are few types of Prostatitis: acute, chronic, chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory Prostatitis. It leads to intense pain during urination, pain in the groin, pelvic area and in certain cases, flu-like symptoms. It may be caused by bacterial infection, immune system disorder, nervous system disorder or an injury to the prostate area.

Prominent risk factors for Prostatitis include being a middle aged man, having an infection in the bladder, dehydration, contacting HIV/AIDS, being under psychological stress or family history of the disease. Common treatment methods include administrating antibiotics, alpha blockers, and pain relievers to the patients. Prostate massage is found to be effective against it as well, though there is some doubt regarding its effectiveness in this regard.

Symptoms

  • 1. Experiencing pain while passing urine
  • 2. Burning sensation while urinating
  • 3. Frequent urination, particularly during night
  • 4. Pain in the lower back, abdomen or groin
  • 5. Pain in the penis or testicles
  • 6. Painful ejaculation
  • 7. Flu-like symptoms in case of bacterial Prostatitis

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in the penis or testicles
Pain in the lower back, abdomen or groin
Painful ejaculation

Flu-like symptoms in case of bacterial Prostatitis
Experiencing pain while passing urine
Burning sensation while urinating

Frequent urination, particularly during night

Overview

Migraine

Migraine is a throbbing pain in the head, usually accompanied by vomiting, nausea and visual problems such as extreme sensitivity to light. Migraine attacks can be quite debilitating, making the sufferers bedridden for days. Migraine is a common health problem, affecting a significant number of adults globally. At times, the headache is present in only side and is pulsating in nature.

Migraine is often preceded by an aura, characterized by light flashes, blind spots and a tingling sensation in your arm or leg. It is quite possible that one may experience with little or no accompanying headache. A mix of genetic and environmental factors is believed to be behind migraines. Around two-thirds of the patients have a family history of migraine. More boys are affected by the condition than girls before the onset of puberty, but two to three times women are affected by it than men.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe headache in one side of the brain.
  • 2. Nausea.
  • 3. Sensitivity to light.
  • 4. Visual problems.
  • 5. Stiffness in the limbs, shoulder or neck.
  • 6. Feeling intense hot or cold.
  • 7. Problem in concentrating.
  • 8. Sweating.
  • 9. relief of headache with bout of vomiting.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe headache in one side of the brain
Nausea
Sensitivity to light

Visual problems
Stiffness in the limbs, shoulder or neck
Feeling intense hot or cold

Problem in concentrating
Sweating
relief of headache with bout of vomitting

Overview

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is the disorder of the joints that may affect joints in the hands, knees, lower back, neck and the hips. It leads to a severe pain in the joints, locking, stiffness, tenderness and joint effusion. Hereditary, mechanical, metabolic and developmental defects are suspected of initiating the loss of cartilage that results in the damage to the joints.

Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting around 27 million people in the United States and around 8 million people in the UK. Treatment methods involve lifestyle modification, exercise and medicines.

Symptoms

  • 1. Debilitating pain in the joints.
  • 2. Increase in the pain during harsh winters.
  • 3. Joints become stiff, limiting mobility.
  • 4. Tenderness in the joints.
  • 5. Grating sensation.
  • 6. Formation of bone spurs.
  • 7. Loss in flexibility of joints.

Diagnose Yourself

Debilitating pain in the joints
ncrease in the pain during harsh winters
Joints become stiff, limiting mobility

Tenderness in the joints
Grating sensation
Formation of bone spurs

Loss in flexibility of joints

Overview

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is a systematic autoimmune disease that is often highly painful and disabling. It tends to affect many body tissues as well as organs. However, the flexible joints are among its primary targets. In case adequate treatment is not administered to the patients, they may face tremendous difficulty in performing normal chores and their mobility can be severely hampered.

The worsening of the disease can be slowed with pharmacological as well as non pharmacological treatment methods. Pharmacological treatment methods include anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers. Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) have been found to be pretty effective against Rheumatoid arthritis. Physical therapy, nutritional therapy, occupational therapy and orthoses are the major non pharmacological treatment methods.

Women are twice more likely to be affected by Rheumatoid arthritis. The condition is a form of autoimmunity, while the cause of the same is unknown. No evidence has been found between emotional or physical stress with the condition.

Symptoms

  • 1. Swollen, tender and warm joints.
  • 2. Stiffness in joins that limits movement.
  • 3. Increased stiffness more prominent during early morning.
  • 4. Fibrosis of lungs.
  • 5. Renal Amyloidosis.
  • 6. Atherosclerosis.
  • 7. Sweet’s Syndrome, atrophy of skin, skin fragility and drug reactions.

Diagnose Yourself

Swollen, tender and warm joints
Stiffness in joins that limits movement
Increased stiffness more prominent during early morning

Fibrosis of lungs
Renal Amyloidosis
Atherosclerosis

Sweet’s Syndrome, atrophy of skin, skin fragility and drug reactions

Overview

Gout

Gout is an extremely painful condition, which is characterized by attacks of arthritis and result in red, hot, swollen and tender joint. It is referred to as podagra when the big toe is involved. The sharp increase in the levels of uric acid in the blood is the culprit behind this condition. It tends to crystallize and gets deposited in joints, tendons and the tissues that surround them, thereby resulting in debilitating pain.

Gout attack victims can expect some relief with steroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or colchicines. Certain lifestyle changes can be effective in obtaining long term relief once the symptoms of the condition subside. Around 1-2 percent of the population in the West is believed to have been affected by gout once in their entire lifetime. Also known as ‘rich man’s disease’, it is linked to diet changes and increase in life expectancy.

Symptoms

  • 1. Red, hot, tender and swollen joints.
  • 2. Swelling in fingers, wrists, knees and heels.
  • 3. Joint pain that sets in during the night.
  • 4. Deposits of uric acid crystals near the joints.
  • 5. Stone formation in the kidneys.

Diagnose Yourself

Red, hot, tender and swollen joints
Swelling in fingers, wrists, knees and heels
Joint pain that sets in during the night

Deposits of uric acid crystals near the joints
Stone formation in the kidneys

Overview

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis or Bechtrew’s Disease is the chronic inflammation of the axial skeleton that affects the sacroiliac joint in the pelvis and joints in the spine. Ankylosing spondylitis is a sub type of spondyloarthritis, which in turn is chronic arthritis, thought to be a resultant of immune systems at play. It can lead to stiffening of the spine, rendering the patient in tremendous pain and having difficulty in moving. No cure has been found for Ankylosing spondylitis. However, certain medications and other treatment methods can help in obtaining relief from pain and symptoms. The symptoms tend to start appearing by 23 years of age when the patient starts experiencing stiffness in parts or the entire spine, accompanied by chronic pain. Less than half of the patients experience inflammation in the eye, redness and pain in the eye, loss of vision and photophobia.

Symptoms

  • Chronic pain in the body.
  • Stiffness in the middle or the entire spine.
  • Redness and pain in the eye.
  • Loss of vision.
  • Photophobia.
  • Nausea and generalized fatigue.
  • Swelling in the joints of the limbs.
  • Severe pain that may subside with little movement.

Diagnose Yourself

Chronic pain in the body.
Stiffness in the middle or the entire spine
Redness and pain in the eye

Loss of vision
Photophobia
Nausea and generalized fatigue

Swelling in the joints of the limbs
Severe pain that may subside with little movement

Overview

Obesity

Obesity is a worrying health condition that is characterized by excessive accumulation of fat on the human body. It can have a significant negative impact on the body, including reduced life expectancy and a number of other health problems including heart disease, osteoarthritis, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea and cancer. Originally perceived as a symbol of wealth, obesity has degenerated into one of the biggest health scares for the human race, particularly in the developed and developing world.

An individual is considered to be obese when his or her body mass index, a measurement of body weight in kilogram divided by the square of height in meters, is over 30. Primary causes of obesity include lack of physical activity, genetic factors, and excessive food intake. It can be tackled by fine tuning eating habits, exercising, anti-obesity drugs and gastric surgery.

Symptoms

  • 1. Excessive body weight.
  • 2. Difficulty in sleeping.
  • 3. Difficulty in performing routine physical activities.
  • 4. Feeling tired every day.
  • 5. Pain in the back and joints.
  • 6. Breathlessness.
  • 7. Snoring.
  • 8. Increased sweating.
  • 9. High cholesterol levels.
  • 10. High blood pressure.

Diagnose Yourself

Excessive body weight
Difficulty in sleeping
Difficulty in performing routine physical activitie

Feeling tired every day
Pain in the back and joints
Breathlessness

Snoring
Increased sweating
High cholesterol levels

High blood pressure
joint pians especially knee pain
underlying problem of hypothyroidism

susceptibility to diabetes

Overview

Diabetes

Diabetes or diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases which affects how the body makes use of blood sugar. The bodies of diabetes patients do not simply produce enough insulin, or do not respond to the insulin produced or both. This results in high amount of glucose, which often leads to many other health problems, crippling the life of the patient.

Diabetes is the more prominent form of diabetes, making up 90 percent of all the cases. In this case, the cells in the body aren’t responsive enough to insulin. It is a progressive disease and symptoms tend to get worse with time. Overweight, obese and physically inactive persons are at high risk of falling pretty to the disease.

Symptoms

  • 1. Increased thirst.
  • 2. Weight loss.
  • 3. Frequent urination.
  • 4. Blurred vision.
  • 5. Vaginal infections.
  • 6. Fatigue.
  • 7. Itchiness.
  • 8. Peripheral Neuropathy.
  • 9. loss of sex drive in males.
  • 10. impotency in males.

Diagnose Yourself

Increased thirst
Weight loss
Frequent urination

Blurred vision
Vaginal infections
Fatigue

Itchiness
Peripheral Neuropathy
loss of sex drive in males

impotency in males

Overview

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland ceases to produce enough thyroid hormone as required by the body. Thyroid hormone regulates the metabolism of the body, thereby affecting almost every other organ in the human body. In case the body is not producing sufficient amount of thyroid, the bodily functions tend to slow down and there is serious impact on the overall health.

Women are more likely to fall victim to hypothyroidism rather than men. Several health problems can set in the body owing to hypothyroidism, including pain in the joints, infertility, obesity and heart disease. It may be caused due to certain medications, inflammation of the thyroid, radiation treatment, or hypothyroidism which is present by birth.

Common symptoms of the disease include fatigue, heightened sensitivity to cold, dry skin, hoarseness, muscle weakness, aches, stiffness and tenderness, pain in the joints, irregular or heavier than normal menstrual periods, depression, thinning of hair and slowed heart rate.

Symptoms

  • 1. Fatigue.
  • 2. Heightened sensitivity to cold.
  • 3. Dry skin.
  • 4. Muscle weakness, aches, stiffness and tenderness.
  • 5. Pain in the joints.
  • 6. Irregular or heavier than normal menstrual periods.
  • 7. Depression.
  • 8. Slowed heart rate.
  • 9. Thinning of hair.

Diagnose Yourself

Increased thirst
Weight loss
Frequent urination

Blurred vision
Vaginal infections
Fatigue

Itchiness
Peripheral Neuropathy
loss of sex drive in males

impotency in males

Overview

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small, stone like formations that can develop in either or both the kidneys. These formations are made up of acid salts and minerals and tend to deposit in the kidneys over time when the urine is concentrated. Quite often, these stones are painful, but rarely cause any permanent damage to the urinary tract.

Small stones can be passed by the body in the urine painlessly even without getting noticed. However, larger stones can block the urinary system, thereby causing immense pain in the groin or the abdomen and even may result in infection in the urinary system.

No particular cause has been associated with the kidney stones. However, there are certain risk factors that can enhance the chances of their development in the body. These can occur at any age, though adults who age 40 years old or higher are particularly at higher risk. Being obese, consuming certain diets high in sodium and dehydration are other risk factors.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe pain in the back and the sides, at the renal angles.
  • 2. Pain that spreads into the groin and the lower abdomen.
  • 3. Pain while passing urine.
  • 4. Pain whose intensity keeps fluctuating and keeps coming in waves.
  • 5. Foul smelling urine.
  • 6. Red, brown or pink colored urine.
  • 7. Vomiting and nausea during pain.
  • 8. Frequent urination.
  • 9. Strong urge to urinate.
  • 10. Chills and fever in case there is an infection.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe pain in the back and the sides, at the renal angles
Pain that spreads into the groin and the lower abdomen
Pain while passing urine

Pain whose intensity keeps fluctuating and keeps coming in waves
Foul smelling urine
Red, brown or pink colored urine

Vomiting and nausea during pain
Frequent urination
Frequent urination

Chills and fever in case there is an infection

Overview

Cervical Spondylitis

Cervical spondylitis refers to wear and tear in the neck with age. It happens to affect the bones as well as the tissues in the neck. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are terrible pain in the neck, headaches and stiffness. In rare cases, it tends to result in pain in the arms, numbness in the legs and hands, loss in coordination and facing difficulty while walking.

The most likely causes of cervical spondylitis are wear and tear in the tissues and bones that constitute the spine. Ligaments tend to stiffen and the discs in the spine get dried out. As per estimates, nine out of ten adults have varying degrees of cervical spondylitis, but they may not experience the symptoms. It is diagnosed using X-ray scan and MRI scan of the neck. It is treated with a combination of exercises, self care techniques, maintaining proper posture while sitting and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain and stiffness in the neck.
  • 2. Terrible headache that originates in the neck.
  • 3. Pain in the arms and the shoulder.
  • 4. Being unable to turn the head.
  • 5. Sensation in the neck while turning.
  • 6. Numbness, tingling and weakness in the arms, feet, legs and hands.
  • 7. Muscle spasms.
  • 8. Incontinence.
  • 9. Difficulty in walking.
  • 10. Loss of coordination and vertigo.10. Loss of coordination and vertigo.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain and stiffness in the neck
Terrible headache that originates in the neck
Pain in the arms and the shoulder

Being unable to turn the head
Sensation in the neck while turning
Sensation in the neck while turning

Numbness, tingling and weakness in the arms, feet, legs and hands
Muscle spasms
Incontinence

Difficulty in walking
Loss of coordination and vertigo

Overview

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia refers to the condition of widespread chronic pain in the body, usually accompanied by memory loss, mood swings, fatigue and sleep disorders. Patients may even experience debilitating joint pain, difficulty in swallowing and abnormalities in bladder and bowel movement. The exact causes behind fibromyalgia are unknown, but researchers believe genetic, environmental, psychological and genetic factors might be behind it. Fibromyalgia has been associated with depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and anxiety. It is quite possible that a patient may not experience all the symptoms of fibromyalgia. It affects 2-4 percent of the population and females are nine times more likely to fall victims to it as compared to men. While fibromyalgia is not associated with any other serious condition, the pain and other symptoms tend to interfere with your capability to live life fully.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe pain all over the body, including head, shoulders, neck, upper chest, elbows, upper hips and sides of hips.
  • 2. Fatigue.
  • 3. Anxiety.
  • 4. Depression.
  • 5. Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
  • 6. Endometriosis.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe pain all over the body, including head, shoulders, neck, upper chest, elbows, upper hips and sides of hips
Fatigue
Anxiety

Depression
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Endometriosis

Overview

Sacroiliitis

Sacroiliitis refers to the infection of the sacroiliac joint, the joint which connects the sacrum with the ilium of the pelvis. The likely causes of sacroiliitis include osteoarthritis, wear and tear of joints, trauma, pregnancy and infection in rare cases. In fact, sacroiliitis is a major symptom of several forms of inflammatory arthritis.

Sacroiliitis is characterized by severe pain in the buttocks that can aggravate during early morning or late at night. Running, standing for long intervals, shifting weight on one leg, and taking long strides are other likely causes of aggravation of the pain. The sufferers of this condition may face difficulty in breathing, heart problems and lung infections.

It is essential that help of an experienced doctor is sought in case long term pain in the buttocks and the lower back is experienced. A CT Scan, MRI Scan or an X-Ray Scan can be helpful in detecting the condition. Long term relief can be obtained with pain-relief medications, muscle relaxants and TNF inhibitors. Surgery may be required in extreme cases.

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain in the lower back, buttocks and legs.
  • 2. Pain that becomes worse while rolling in the bed and sitting for long.
  • 3. Pain accompanied by inflammation.
  • 4. Stiffness in the lower back and hips.
  • 5. Fever.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in the lower back, buttocks and legs
Pain that becomes worse while rolling in the bed and sitting for long
Pain accompanied by inflammation

Stiffness in the lower back and hips
Fever

Overview

Sciatica

Sciatica is the name given to a painful condition that sets in due to the compression or irritation of the sciatic nerve, the longest nerve in the body. This nerve runs from the back of the pelvis, passes through the buttocks and goes down the legs and ends at feet. When the nerve is compressed or irritated by anything, it results in pain in lower back down the leg up to the calf.

Some of the most common symptoms of the condition include pain in the lower back or leg, which worsens upon sitting, burning or tingling sensation in the leg, weakness and numbness in the leg or foot, chronic pain on the either side of the rear, and a terrible pain that can make it difficult to stand up. One can experience relief with exercise, hot or cold packs and over-the-counter painkillers.

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain in the lower back or leg that tends to worsens upon sitting.
  • 2. Burning or tingling sensation in the leg.
  • 3. Weakness and numbness in the leg or foot.
  • 4. Chronic pain on the either side of the rear side of the leg from hip to the knee or ankle.
  • 5. Terrible pain which can make standing up difficult.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain in the lower back or leg that tends to worsens upon sitting
Burning or tingling sensation in the leg
Weakness and numbness in the leg or foot

Chronic pain on the either side of the rear side of the leg from hip to the knee or ankle
Terrible pain which can make standing up difficult

Overview

Bursitis

Bursitis refers to the irritation or inflammation of the bursa, a sac with lubricating fluid which acts as a cushion between the bones and tendons, muscles and skin. The primary function of the bursa is to decrease the friction and rubbing between the bones and above mentioned body parts. Bursitis may set in due to age, sudden injury or repetitive usage of the joint over long period of time. The high risk activities that may result in bursitis include carpentry, gardening, golf, pitching, scrubbing, and shoveling. Other possible causes include incorrect sitting posture and insufficient stretching before starting exercising. Certain conditions such as gout, psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and certain medications can increase the risk of catching bursitis. The body parts that are affected by this condition include elbow, shoulder, hip, knee and Achilles tendon.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe pain in the joints.
  • 2. Pain that lasts for more than one week.
  • 3. Stiffness in the joints.
  • 4. Bruising, redness and swelling in the joint.
  • 5. Sharp pain in the joint, especially while exercising.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe pain in the joints
Pain that lasts for more than one week
Stiffness in the joints

Bruising, redness and swelling in the joint
Sharp pain in the joint, especially while exercising

Overview

Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids or piles are swollen veins in the lower rectum or anus. Strained bowel movements and pregnancy are the two most likely causes of hemorrhoids. These may be classified as internal or external, depending on the basis of their location. If these are present inside the skin around the anus, these are called internal hemorrhoids and in case these are present inside the rectum, these are called external hemorrhoids.

Hemorrhoids can be caused by constipation, prolonged sitting continuously for long hours, anal infections, strain during bowel movements, and certain types of diseases like liver cirrhosis. Major symptoms include anal itching, pain in the anus, stool accompanied by blood, and multiple hard tender lumps in the vicinity of the anus.

Diagnosis of hemorrhoids can be performed by simple examination of the rectal area. Tests like anoscopy, sigmoidsoscopy and stool guaiac can be performed if the necessity arises. Treatment methods include Over-the-counter corticosteroid creams, Hemorrhoid creams with lidocaine and stool softeners.

Symptoms

  • 1. Pain during passage of stools.
  • 2. Constipation.
  • 3. Bleeding mixed with stools or frank blood.
  • 4. Muscular swollen veins protruding from the anus.
  • 5. Pain while sitting for long hours felt inside the rectum.
  • 6. Cracks and fissures around the anal region.

Diagnose Yourself

Pain during passage of stools.
Constipation
Bleeding mixed with stools or frank blood

Muscular swollen veins protruding from the anus
Pain while sitting for long hours felt inside the rectum.
Cracks and fissures around the anal region.

Overview

Renal failure

Renal failure refers to the inability of the kidneys to filter the waste products from the blood. Renal failure may set in due to an internal injury or due to chronic kidney disease. While the former is treatable with the help of proper treatment, the latter is often irreversible. Renal failure is characterized by reduction or absence of urine production, leading to accumulation of waste products in the body which can be deadly.

The possible causes of acute renal failure are heavy blood loss due to an injury or an infection, dehydration, damage due to poisons, infections and some medicines, blockage like kidney stones, tumor, injury or an enlarged prostate. Older adults or individuals with health concerns like liver or kidney disease, obesity, heart failure or diabetes are at high risk of renal failure.

Symptoms

  • 1. Little or no urine production.
  • 2. Swelling in the body, particularly in the legs and the feet.
  • 3. Nausea and vomiting.
  • 4. Anxiousness, confusion, restlessness and feeling sleepy.
  • 5. Flank pain or acute pain in the back

Diagnose Yourself

Little or no urine production
Swelling in the body, particularly in the legs and the feet
Nausea and vomiting

Anxiousness, confusion, restlessness and feeling sleepy
Flank pain or acute pain in the back

Overview

Lumbago

Lumbago refers to pain in the lower back that leads to mild to severe discomfort. It is termed as acute if it is sudden and severe, or chronic when the pain lasts for a long time. It is quite common in young individuals involved in heavy physical work and elders of retirement age. While it might not be possible to identify the exact reason behind the pain, the specific cause can be pointed to a specific problem.

There are a variety of conditions that may result in lumbago, including Apophyseal osteoarthritis, Degenerative discs, slipped discs, Spondylolisthesis, Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis, Scheuermann's kyphosis, fracture, misaligned pelvis, Rheumatoid arthritis, infection, bone tumors, Intradural spinal tumors, Osteoporotic fractures, Tension myositis syndrome, Pelvic/abdominal disease, Posture or prostate cancer.

The diagnosis of lumbago is difficult owing to the fact that lower back is comprises of a complex network of ligaments, soft tissues, tendons, bones, joints, discs and nerves. All of these are interwoven to make up the spinal structure.

Symptoms

  • 1. Severe pain in the lower back.
  • 2. Muscle spasms.
  • 3. Stiff back.
  • 4. Limp or change in posture due to severe pain.
  • 5. Numbness or tingling sensation in the back.
  • 6. Buttocks or either leg.
  • 7. Limited movement in the spine.

Diagnose Yourself

Severe pain in the lower back
Muscle spasms
Stiff back

Limp or change in posture due to severe pain
Numbness or tingling sensation in the back
Buttocks or either leg

Limited movement in the spine

Overview

Constipation

Constipation refers to the condition when passing bowel movements becomes hard and difficult to pass. It is the most likely cause of painful defecation. Constipation may degenerate into bowel obstruction, which can pose a threat to life. Constipation can be a symptom of a bigger issue; hence its exact cause needs to be determined before beginning with its treatment.

Constipation can be any one of infrequent bowel movements, facing difficulty while passing stools and the lingering sensation of incomplete evacuation of bowels. The condition may develop in children on three different occasions: when they are fed with processed foods, toilet training and soon after joining school. Close to 12 percent of the global population is affected by constipation.

The probable causes of constipation are classified into genetics, primary and secondary categories. Lack of physical activity, insufficient intake of dietary fiber, certain medications and colorectal cancer are the major causes of Constipation in the elderly.

Symptoms

  • 1. Passing stool for less than three times a week
  • 2. Straining while passing stools
  • 3. Feeling incomplete evacuation while passing stools several times
  • 4. Manual effort for passing stools-
  • 5. Passing hard stool

Diagnose Yourself

Passing stool for less than three times a week
Straining while passing stools
Feeling incomplete evacuation while passing stools several times

Manual effort for passing stools
Passing hard stool